Ancient Egyptian History See also:
BIOGRAPHY
DINOSAURS, FOSSILS, & PREHISTORY
DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES
INDIGENOUS / NATIVE PEOPLES
INVENTORS, INVENTIONS, & SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERIES
LOCAL INFORMATION, MYTH & FOLKLORE
SOCIAL STUDIES, STATES & COUNTRIES

EBSCO Explora Facts on File World Almanac for Kids

History: General / Mega-Sites

Facts on FileFACTS ON FILE REFERENCE DATABASES: Login to FACTS ON FILE to access a great collection of history reference databases. The History Research Center provides access to all the FACTS ON FILE history databases with a single search, including American History (including American Women's History), African-American History, American Indian History, Ancient and Medieval History, and Modern World History. If you're using this resource at home, you'll have to login with your library card barcode to begin.

World Almanac for KidsWorld Almanac for Kids - Resources for homework, reports, and projects in a fun format from a trusted source; written for students in 4th - 8th grade. Includes information on American History, Ancient Civilizations, Latino-American History in the U.S., Native American Life, World History, and more (in TOPICS, under SOCIAL STUDIES). If you're using this resource at home, you'll have to enter your library card barcode to begin.

AP Archive - See Historical News Video Archives, below.

Archaeology Magazine - Free online content includes archaelogy news, feature articles, field reports, and links on a wide variety of archaelogical research and discoveries around the world, ranging from ancient civilizations to more recent American history; links were created in 2011 and have not been updated. High school and up (Archaeological Institute of America; site includes advertisements). See also DINOSAURS, FOSSILS, & PREHISTORY.

Avalon Project - Online text of historic documents (primary sources) from the ancient era (4000 B.C.E. - 399) to the 21st century. Includes hundreds of documents such as the Code of Hammurabi, Athenian Constitution, Magna Carta, Articles of Confederation, Declaration of Independence, Emancipation Proclamation, and Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as numerous treaties, documents of both World Wars and later conflicts, and much more. (Yale University)

Best of History Websites - Well-organized directory of over 1200 selected history web sites, arranged by location & time period, plus links to curriculum materials for teachers. Not updated frequently; expect broken links. (By educators Thomas Daccord and Justin Reich; site includes advertisements)

Children and Youth in World History AUDIO - 'Explore the history of children and youth through primary sources, website reviews, teaching modules, and case studies.' For teachers and students, high school and up; expect some broken links (Center for History and New Media, George Mason University). See also British Children, below.

Country Studies - See Country Studies links on the STATES & COUNTRIES page. See also FACTS ON FILE: WORLD GEOGRAPHY & CULTURE.

Disabilities: History - See History of Disability and related links.

ehistory logo eHistory VIDEO - An excellent and user-friendly collection of short biographies, articles, online books, exhibitions, oral histories, images, timelines, videos, and more, covering all periods from ancient history to the 21st century. You can browse the collection by era, region, or topic. (Ohio State University)

Eyewitness - Primary materials including first-person accounts, documents and images. Covers a variety of events in the U.S. and abroad, including the Fall of the Bastille in 1789, the American Revolution, the civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, the assasinations of Abraham Lincoln & John F. Kennedy, the meeting of Truman and Stalin, the re-unification of Germany, and more. High school and up. (National Archives)

Historic News Video Archives - See AP Archive and related links, including links to video footage from the Associated Press, British Movietone, British Pathé and BBC Motion Gallery.

Historic Photos - See GENERAL HOMEWORK HELP: Pictures.

Historical Maps - A large collection of historical maps dating from the 15th century onward; mostly U.S. maps. You can browse different collections, or search for maps by keyword. Click on a map to get a zoomable image (Library of Congress). For historical maps of all areas of the world, see Old Maps Online (University of Portsmouth [UK] et al.). Maps: Finding Our Place in the World [Archived page] explores the history of maps and mapmaking, with text and images (2007, Field Museum). See also STATES & COUNTRIES.

History & Politics Out Loud AUDIO - Important speeches and other recorded materials (primary sources), including speeches of Martin Luther King Jr., Winston Churchill, FDR, John F. Kennedy, Nikita Krushchev and others. Sources of biographical and other background information are not cited (site was originally by Jerry Goldman & Michigan State University, now hosted by WyzAnt Tutoring; site includes advertisements). Project Gutenberg offers a collection of miscellaneous Historical Recordings AUDIO which include FDR's Day of Infamy speech, Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton on his South Pole expedition, Thomas Edison on Electricity & Progress, and other early recordings.

History for Kids: BBC Bitesize: History [NOTE: Games & videos do not play in USA] - Colorful lessons on British and World History; for middle school and up. (British Broadcasting Corporation)

History of Invention - See Ancient Inventions and subsequent links on our INVENTORS, INVENTIONS, & SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERIES page.

Medicine: History - See History of Medicine links.

Origins UPDATED LINK! - Articles that examine current events in historical perspective. Milestones, a related section of the website, utilizes the anniversaries of past events, large and small, to re-examine those events. (Ohio State University and Miami University)

Science: History - See History of Science links.

WGBH Open Vault VIDEO - Video archive of interviews and other historically important content, covering topics such as Vietnam, War and Peace in the Nuclear Age, Rock and Roll, March on Washington, Freedom Riders, To the Moon, and many others. Includes printable transcripts. Free registration required for full access. (Public television station WGBH)

World History Encyclopedia VIDEO - An extensive A-Z encyclopedia of world history, with articles, video lessons, images, maps, and more. Formerly Ancient History Encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia now covers all periods, though emphasis is on Prehistoric, Ancient, and Medieval history. (By a UK non-profit organization)

World History For Us All - Designed for teachers, but background materials on each historical era should be helpful to high school students as well. This site offers teaching units, lesson plans, activities, & resources, and introduces educators to an integrative approach to world history, culture, and geography. (San Diego State University and UCLA)

Calendars, Timelines, Time Capsules, etc.


EBSCO Explora Facts on File

Astronomical Information Center UPDATED LINK! - Current and historical information about time, time zones, calendars, holidays, the International Date Line, and more. High school and up. (U.S. Naval Observatory)

Calendars through the Ages - Information about all different types of calendars, including Chinese, Christian, Indian, Islamic, Jewish, and ancient calendars. Includes related pages on the History of Daylight Saving Time (2008, Claus Tøndering et al.; site includes advertisements), Daylight Saving Time, and A Walk Through Time (History of Clocks & Timekeeping) (U.S. Department of Commerce). See also Calendar, a brief history of calendars and their development in various cultures, with links to related topics (2007, Wolfram Science World).

On This Day (New York Times) [Archived page] - Use this page to find out what important events took place in previous years (1857 - 2013) on any particular day of any month (site includes advertisements). On This Day in History NEW! VIDEO features short video clips on significant events throughout U.S. history, providing context through historical newsreels, vignettes, oral history, and expert analysis (C-SPAN). On This Day (BBC News) covers 1950 - 2005; use the drop-downs to to choose a day (UK). Today in History is another site offering text and images from events of the past for each day of the month. Click on 'archives' to choose a day or browse by month (Library of Congress). The Edsitement Calendar lists historic events for every day of the month, with related lesson plans, websites, and student resources for each event (National Endowment for the Humanities). On Explore your Life in History you can enter your birthday and find out some of the ways the world has changed during your lifetime (The Atlantic Monthly).

Perpetual Calendar (TimeandDate.com) - Do you want to know what day of the week March 30, 2050 will be, or what day of the week December 7, 1941 was? Enter a year, past or future, in the 'Create Calendar' box. Site displays one year at a time (site includes advertisements).

World Clock - Need to know what time it is in Addis Ababa, Bujumbura, Ulaanbaatar or Zagreb? This page offers the current time in dozens of cities around the world, arranged A to Z; you can also sort the list by country or time zone. (TimeandDate.com; site includes advertisements)

Food, Fashion & Money


EBSCO Explora Facts on File

FOOD & FARMING

See also:
Food & Culture links

America the Bountiful - Explores American history in different eras through foods that were commonly consumed (2013, University of California). Resetting the Table examines the immense changes that took place between 1950 and 2000 in what and how Americans ate, and in how they thought and felt about food (2012, American Museum of Natural History). In What's Cooking, Uncle Sam? VIDEO you can learn about the history of the U.S. government's involvement in agriculture, food processing & labeling, and American eating habits (2011, Foundation for the National Archives). What America Ate is an interactive website and online archive about food in the Great Depression (Michigan State University).

Fire and Freedom: Food & Enslavement in Early America - 'Meals can tell us how power is exchanged between and among different peoples, races, genders, and classes.' This online exhibit explores the intersection of commerce, food production, food preparation, and slavery. (2016 - 2018, U.S. National Library of Medicine)

Food Timeline - 'Ever wonder what the Vikings ate when they set off to explore the new world? How Thomas Jefferson made his ice cream? What the pioneers cooked along the Oregon Trail? Who invented the potato chip...and why?' This page offers links to many interesting articles on food in history, plus recipes from different times and places (2015; by reference librarian Lynne Olver). See also Food in the West Timeline (created by students of Dr. Julia M. Gossard, Utah State University).

Harvest of History - Primary sources (images, objects, documents) on American agricultural history. Also includes an interactive exploration of past and current Farming & Food Production VIDEO (2017, Farmers' Museum, Cooperstown, NY). See also Growing a Nation: the Story of American Agriculture AUDIO VIDEO INTERACTIVE (2019; Professor Debra Spielmaker et al., Utah State University), and Wessels Living History Farm VIDEO (2017, York Community Foundation, York NE).

History of Food & Agriculture - Chronicles the history of food and agriculture, beginning with pre-agricultural times of hunting, gathering and fishing, through the development of agriculture, to the 'agro-industrial' period starting with the industrial revolution. Focus is on the European / Mediterranean region. (2001, Agropolis-Museum, France)

Medieval Cookery - Recipes, menus, and other resources on cookery of the middle ages. (By cookery enthusiasts Daniel Myers and Kristen Sullivan; sources of information are cited.)

Native American Foods: History of Traditional Tribal Foods UPDATED LINK! - A brief overview of traditional Native American foods (American Indian Health & Diet Project, University of Kansas). See also Native American foods: History, culture, and influence on modern diets (2016, Journal of Ethnic Foods; ScienceDirect) and National Museum of the American Indian: Food.

Wine: Origins & Ancient History - Examines the origins of wine and its uses in the Neolithic period, ancient Egypt, and Mesopotamia. (2009, Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania)

FASHION

Fashion History Timeline - Well-researched, accessibly written articles covering fashion from the ancient period to the 21st century, and featuring objects and artworks from over a hundred museums and libraries that span the globe. A related page, Costume & Textile Collections Online, has links to museums and universities that offer online exhibits of costumes & textiles; includes items from around the world, though European & American items are most common. (Fashion Institute of Technology)

Fashion, Jewellery & Accessories VIDEO - Images and text (and some videos) surveying various aspects of fashionable dress from the 17th century to the present; also includes accessories such as jewellery, gloves and handbags. (Victoria and Albert Museum)

Historic Threads - Explore history's wardrobe in this online exhibit featuring three centuries of historic clothing and accessories. From attending formal balls to getting dressed for bed, the antique clothing tells the story of daily life (Colonial Williamsburg).

Ready-To-Wear Clothing [Archived page] - In pre-industrial America, most clothing was crafted at home or by professional tailors or dressmakers from individual measurements taken of each customer. This site offers an introduction to the history of ready-made clothing and the development of standard sizes and measurements. (2004, National Institute of Standards; now on Internet Archive)

Teaching History with Historic Clothing Artifacts offers lesson plans, with links to related resources, looking at historic U.S 19th and 20th century clothing items and the technologies used to produce them; for grades 8 - 12 (Ohio State University).

Textile Mills - Online exhibits on the history of textiles and the textile industry. Includes photos and texts showing how workers and managers lived, mill machinery, and more. (Windham Textile and History Museum, Willlimantic, CT)

MONEY

Buy Now, Pay Later - Text & illustrations show how previous generations devised creative ways of lending and borrowing long before credit cards, and how the credit industry evolved over time. High school and up. (2010, Harvard University)

History of the U.S. Income Tax - A brief overview of the origins of income taxes and the Internal Revenue Service, plus links to documents, articles, cartoons and quotes. For advanced students (2012, Library of Congress). See also History of the U.S. Treasury (U.S. Treasury Department).

How Much is that Worth Today? - Compares the purchasing power of money in the United States (or colonies) 1665 to any other year up to the present (by Lawrence H. Officer and Samuel H. Williamson, University of Illinois Economics Professors). You can also use the CPI inflation calculator, for a simple comparison of U.S. purchasing power from 1913 to the present (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics). For much more information on the comparative value of money in history, see the Economic History Association, and the University of Exeter (UK) Money Links (2020).

What is Money [Archived page] - Explains the different types of money, the history of money, saving money, how money is made, and money and society (British Museum). See also History of Money Virtual Exhibit & Types of Money (Money Museum, American Numismatic Association), Story of Money Infographic (History.com), Fun Facts About Coins and Money (US Mint). Historical American Currency has images of U.S. paper currency since the Colonial era, with brief summaries on the historical context for each period (Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco); see also History of American Currency. See Money - Past, Present & Future for additional links & information on the history of money (2014, University of Exeter, UK).

New Jersey / South Plainfield History

See : LOCAL INFORMATION

Women's History

See also:
ARTS, BIOGRAPHY
BOOKS & LITERATURE
DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES
GOVERNMENT & POLITICS
U.S. HISTORY
Salem History
EBSCO Explora Facts on File

Facts on File: American History OnlineAMERICAN WOMEN'S HISTORY ONLINE (Facts on File) - Covers the important people, events, legislation, and issues relevant to the study of women's history in the United States. [NOTE: Facts on File's American Women's History content has been moved to Facts on File's American History Online].

American Women's History: National Women's History Museum VIDEO - Online materials on a wide range of topics in American women's history, as well as biographies, classroom resources, and more (non-profit organization). Stories of Women Who Changed History VIDEO [NOTE: Access to articles is restricted to subscribers] has videos and lesson plans highlighting women in American history; middle school and up (Scholastic Inc.). Unladylike 2020 VIDEO is 'a series of 26 short films profiling diverse and little-known American women from the turn of the 20th century, and contemporary women who follow in their footsteps.' Includes lesson plans for educators; middle school and up (PBS / Thirteen). Women's Rights (U.S.) gives an overview of the early U.S. women's rights movement beginning with the Seneca Falls convention of 1848; the linked text (primary document) of the 1848 Declaration of Sentiments includes links to biographies of key activists. See also Seneca Falls Women's Rights National Historical Park (National Park Service). Places Where Women Made History showcases historic places in the U.S. which are associated with women's history, in areas such as education, government, medicine, the arts, commerce, women's suffrage, and the Civil Rights Movement. Includes background material on the events or persons connected with each place (National Park Service). See also Teaching & Learning Resources on Women's History (EDSITEment, National Endowment for the Humanities), Women's History All Year (formerly Women's History Month), Women's History Quizzes (National Women's History Alliance), as well as American Women in Politics and related links, New Jersey Women's History, Votes for Women, and Woman's Work links.

Ancient Greece & Rome: Women in Antiquity - Explores the lives & myths of women and goddesses from ancient Greece and Rome (2017 - 2018; created by Mount Allison University and Rutgers University students under faculty supervision). See also Prehistory & Ancient History, below.

Egypt: Hatshepsut, From Queen to Pharaoh - A brief overview of the life of Hatshepsut, who ruled Egypt for two decades (ca. 1473-1458 B.C.), and was the first important female ruler known to history (Metropolitan Museum). For a broader look at the position of women in Ancient Egypt, see From Warrior Women to Female Pharaohs [Archived page] (2011, British Broadcasting Corporation). See also Ancient Egypt links, below.

Jewish Women's Archive: Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia of Jewish Women - 'Features over 1,700 biographies, 300 thematic essays, and 1,400 photographs and illustrations on a wide range of Jewish women through the centuries - from Gertrude Berg to Gertrude Stein; Hannah Greenebaum Solomon to Hannah Arendt; the Biblical Ruth to Ruth Bader Ginsburg.' The site also includes Jewish Women: This Week in History VIDEO, covering 350 years of American Jewish women's history, and Jewish Women: Women of Valor (formerly History Makers) AUDIO VIDEO, profiles of 'trailblazing Jewish women who overcame social, cultural and religious barriers to create a more just and equitable world.'; some of the profiles include audio and video clips. (Non-profit organization)

New Jersey Women's History - Brief biographies, documents and lesson plans dealing with the history of women in New Jersey; arranged by time period. Also offers related links and bibliography. (2014, Rutgers University)

Votes for Women: Women Fight for the Vote - Online exhibit exploring the campaign for women's voting rights that lasted more than seven decades (Library of Congress). See also Suffrage in America & 19th Amendment (National Park Service), The 19th Amendment & Rightfully Hers: American Women and the Vote (National Archives), Nineteenth Amendment: Women's Suffrage (2020, Ohio State University), Women's Suffrage: The Right to Vote (Scholastic Inc.), Woman's Suffrage (National Women's History Museum), and Getting the Vote (Time for Kids). Votes for Women Photographs offers images from 1850-1920, including portraits of early U.S. feminists, suffrage parades, picketing suffragists, and an anti-suffrage display, as well as cartoons commenting on the movement (Library of Congress). Not All Women Gained the Vote in 1920 explains the struggle of Native American, Asian American, Latinx and African American women to win the vote for themselves long after the 19th Amendment was ratified (2020, PBS). For information on the suffrage movement in Great Britain, see The Struggle for Suffrage (Historic England).

What'sHerName Podcast NEW! AUDIO - 'Tells the stories of fascinating women you've never heard of (but should have),' bringing to life the 'lost' women of history through compelling interviews with guest historians, writers, and scholars (Dr. Katie Nelson and Olivia Meikle).

Women at War (U.S.) - See Veterans' Stories and related links.

Women in 18th Century England UPDATED LINK! [Archived page] INTERACTIVE - This site provides a sense of what life was like for a woman in 18th century England by putting you in her place. You will be presented with a series of life choices, along with relevant historical information, and then learn about the consequences of your choice. High school and up (1999, University of Michigan student project). For more on British women's history, see Historic England: Women's History (Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England).

Woman's Work is Never Done - 'A selection of images that illustrate many facets of American women's work, from the beginning of the American Revolution through the Industrial Revolution'; includes background information for each category. High school and up (2004, American Antiquarian Society). Women Working, 1800 - 1930 [Archived page] offers online books, pamphlets, photographs, letters, diaries, and other manuscripts (primary resources) exploring women's roles in the U.S. economy between the Civil War and the Great Depression. Documents conditions in the home and at work, costs of living, recreation, health and hygiene and more. Includes many brief biographies of notable women [Archived page]. High school and up (Harvard University).

Prehistory & Ancient History

See also:
Africa
Asia
Middle East
Women's History
DINOSAURS, FOSSILS, & PREHISTORY
INDIGENOUS & NATIVE PEOPLES
MYTH & FOLKLORE
EBSCO Explora Facts on File

Facts on File: Ancient and Medieval History OnlineFACTS ON FILE: ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL HISTORY Explores the pre-modern world with in-depth focus on Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, Africa, Europe, the Americas, and Asia. If you're using this resource at home, you'll have to login with your library card barcode to begin.

Ancient City of Petra INTERACTIVE - Founded along the ancient trade routes between Arabia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean Sea, the ancient city of Petra became very wealthy and powerful. This site describes the history of Petra, and takes you on a virtual walk through the ruins. (American Museum of Natural History)

Ancient Civilizations - An exploration of ancient history covering prehistoric humans, Ancient Egypt, the birth of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, & Buddhism, the birth of democracy, the first Olympics, Julius Caesar, the invention of writing, paper, & the wheel, the Maya, Inca & Aztecs, African kingdoms, the Great Wall of China, Samurai, martial arts, palaces of gold, and more! Middle school and up. (Independence Hall Association, Philadelphia PA; site includes advertisements)

Ancient History [Archived page; some media features do not work] - Articles and related content on a variety of topics in ancient history. Covers Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Vikings, Anglo Saxons, and others. High school and up; younger students, see the related site, History for Kids, above. (British Broadcasting Corporation)

Ancient History: World History Encyclopedia AUDIO VIDEO - An extensive A-Z encyclopedia of the ancient world, with articles, video lessons, images, maps, and more. Formerly Ancient History Encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia now covers all periods, though emphasis is on Prehistoric, Ancient, and Medieval history. (By a UK non-profit organization)

Ancient Olympics [Archived page; some media features do not work] - Stories of ancient Olympic athletes, the various sports and games played, FAQ, and a tour of Olympia (Tufts University). See also The Real Story of the Ancient Olympics (Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania).

China (Ancient) - See China: Ancient China, below

Egyptians [Archived page] INTERACTIVE - Articles, timelines, pictures, and games about the pyramids, the Nile, mummies, hieroglyphs, magic, and more; for high school students (British Broadcasting Corporation). Explore Ancient Egypt INTERACTIVE looks at the Ancient Egyptian pyramids, gods, writing & number systems, mummies and more; includes interactive 'challenges'. For elementary and middle school students (Children's University of Manchester, UK). Ancient Egypt Guide [Link opens a PDF] is a colorful, printable lesson on pharaohs, mummies, pyramids, and hieroglyphs, with quizzes and activities; middle school (2013, Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania). Egypt: A New Look @ an Ancient Culture explores hieroglyphs, pharaohs, gods & goddesses, daily life, and more; high school (Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania). For more on Ancient Egypt, visit Mysteries of the Nile VIDEO (1999 - 2013, PBS; site includes advertisements). See also The truth about ancient Egypt, an interview with Egyptologist John Romer (2017, BBC History Magazine; site includes advertisements).

Greece: Ancient Greeks [NOTE: Videos & games do not work in the USA] INTERACTIVE - Interesting facts about life and culture in Ancient Greece, gods & heroes, Olympic games, wars, language, and more; elementary and middle school students (British Broadcasting Corporation). The Ancient Greek World is an online gallery exploring Land & Time, Daily Life, Religion & Death, Economy, and other topics; high school and up (2002, Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania). See also Ancient Greece NEW! (from World History Encyclopedia).

Megiddo - A history of Megiddo, which is widely regarded as the most important biblical period site in Israel. Includes descriptions and photos of archaeological excavations on the site, and expedition news. (2009 - 2018, Tel Aviv University et al.; site includes advertisements)

Odyssey INTERACTIVE [Archived page; sections on Greece and the Americas require discontinued Flash Player and no longer work] - Explores the art and culture of the ancient world, including the Near East, Egypt, Rome, and Africa. For elementary and middle school students. (2008, Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University et al.).

Pompeii: Stories from an Eruption [Archived page] - Chronicles the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79, with many photos and descriptions of artifacts recovered from Pompeii and nearby towns. (2007, Field Museum, Chicago)

Prehistory - See DINOSAURS, FOSSILS, & PREHISTORY.

Romans [NOTE: Videos & games do not work in the USA] INTERACTIVE - Looks at life in ancient Rome and in the Roman army, Roman influences on the British Isles, and more; for elementary and middle school students (British Broadcasting Corporation). The Roman Empire in the First Century [Archived page] offers an overview of ancient Rome, with a good section on Life in Roman Times, as well as information on society, emperors, politics, religion, and more, plus special features including a timeline, quiz, and virtual library; middle school and up (2006, PBS; site includes advertisements).

Scythians [CAUTION: This site includes links to Wikipedia articles] - Some key facts about the Scythians, a group of ancient tribes of nomadic warriors who originally lived in what is now southern Siberia. Their culture flourished from around 900 BC to around 200 BC, by which time they had extended their influence all over Central Asia, from China to the northern Black Sea (2017, British Museum).

Stonehenge: History - Historical overview and description of the famous ancient British monument (English Heritage: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England). For links to other ancient sites in England, go to Find Places to Visit and, under Types of Places, select 'Prehistoric' AND/OR 'Roman' (English Heritage: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England). For some important French megalithic sites, see Megaliths in Morbihan (French Ministry of Culture and Communication).

Women in the Ancient World - See Ancient Greece & Rome: Women in Antiquity, above.

Exploration & Conquest

See also: INDIGENOUS / NATIVE PEOPLES
Latin America
EBSCO Explora Facts on File

Facts on File: Modern World History OnlineFACTS ON FILE: MODERN WORLD HISTORY ONLINE Covers the people, places, and events in the broad expanse of history from mid-15th century to the present. If you're using this resource at home, you'll have to login with your library card barcode to begin.

Age of Exploration - See Exploration through the Ages, below.

American Journeys - Hundreds of eyewitness accounts (primary documents) from explorers, Indians, missionaries, traders and settlers as they lived through the founding moments of American history, from the sagas of Vikings in Canada in AD1000 to the diaries of mountain men in the Rockies 800 years later. Includes background info, maps, portraits, and other images. High school and up. (2003, Wisconsin Historical Society)

Christopher Columbus - An overview of Columbus's life, career, voyages, and legacy; middle school and up (Royal Museums Greenwich, UK). See also Exploration through the Ages: Christopher Columbus (Mariners' Museum), 1492: Columbus in American Memory AUDIO (2014, Backstory Radio), Christopher Columbus: Italian Explorer (Encyclopædia Britannica; site includes advertisements), and Latin America, below.

Exploration through the Ages - Learn about maritime discovery from ancient times to Captain Cook's 1768 voyage to the South Pacific, covering explorations by the Arabs, Chinese, and Phoenicians as well as Europeans. Includes biographies of explorers, information about the voyages, vocabulary, maps, learning activities, and bibliography. Middle school and up. (Mariners' Museum)

Parallel Histories: Exploration and Early Settlement - Learn about Spanish exploration and colonization of North America. Includes a timeline, images and documents. (2005, Library of Congress)

Spanish Conquistadors - See Conquistadors, below

Africa

See also:
African-American Experience
Middle East
DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES
INDIGENOUS / NATIVE PEOPLES: Africa
EBSCO Explora Facts on File

Africa's Great Civilizations VIDEO - A collection of 5 video lessons for grades 6 - 9 examining topics in the history of African civilizations, including human origins, trade, the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885, and more. From the PBS series, Africa's Great Civilizations.

African-American Heritage - See DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES - African & African-American.

Mandela AUDIO - 'A five-part radio series documenting the struggle against apartheid [in South Africa] through rare sound recordings, the voice of Nelson Mandela himself, as well as those who fought with him, and against him.' Includes text and photos. Click on The Stories to get started. High school and up (2005, with a 2013 update; Radio Diaries, Inc. & Corporation for Public Broadcasting). See also Nelson Mandela Timeline (Nelson Mandela Foundation) and Nelson Mandela, Nobel Laureate. Mandela and other political prisoners were imprisoned on South Africa's Robben Island VIDEO; the website includes prisoner stories and a timeline exploring the history of the island shaped by its many different occupants and uses (Robben Island Museum).

Ottoman Empire - See Ottoman Empire, below.

Story of Africa [NOTE: Archived page; audio files do not play.] - The history of Africa from the dawn of time to the present. Covers the rise and fall of empires and kingdoms, religion, slavery, and trade. Also depicts life under colonialism, the struggle against it, and the achievement of independence. (2002, British Broadcasting Corporation)

Asia & the Pacific

See also:
Korean & Vietnam Wars
World Wars I and II
DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES
For Russia / Soviet Union, see: Europe
EBSCO Explora Facts on File

Asia for Educators VIDEO - Asian studies resources for teachers and students at all levels. Covers prehistory through the present era, and includes primary sources, timelines, lesson plans, background materials on key themes, short videos on Asian history, art, & geography, and more. (2002 - 2021, Columbia University)

Asian-American Heritage - See DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES - Asian & Asian American.

China: Ancient China [Archived page; Challenge features require discontinued Flash Player and no longer work] - Explores the cultures of Ancient China, including crafts, artisans, writing, tombs & ancestors, and more; with photos. Click on a subject, then click on the image that appears. (2007, British Museum)

China: 50 Years of Communism [NOTE: Archived page; media files do not play] - A look back at the history of China from 1949-1999, with articles and images (2000, British Broadcasting Corporation). See also Li Zhensheng: Red-Color News Soldier for an overview of China's Cultural Revolution, 1964-1976. Brief text with lots of photographs; mouse over images for descriptions (Contact Press Images). High school and up.

China: Tiananmen Square VIDEO - A timeline which 'tracks how the protests began in April [1989] among university students in Beijing, spread across the nation, and ended on June 4 with a final deadly assault by an estimated force of 300,000 soldiers from People's Liberation Army.' Site includes online video of the entire Frontline program about the Tiananmen Square protests ; contains graphic imagery, viewer discretion is advised. (2006, PBS; site includes advertisements)

India: History and Politics of India [Archived page; links are broken] - Explores the history and politics of India from ancient times, through Mughal and British rule, to 2008. (1998 & 2007 by Vinay Lal, UCLA)

Japan - A timeline of Japanese history from the prehistoric to the modern period; for ages 10 - 14 (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan). See also History of Japan [Archived page] (2008, Virtual Museum of Japan; Kodansha International Ltd.).

Korea - See Korean War, below.

Opium Wars [Archived page, links are broken] - An overview of the two 'Opium Wars' of the 19th century, waged by Britain against China to force the opening of Chinese ports to trade in opium (2002, CNN). See also The Mechanics of Opium Wars (Australian Museum), and Summary Article: Opium Wars (2018; access is limited to summary article only. From Credo Reference, content from The Hutchinson unabridged encyclopedia, UK).

Ottoman Empire - See Ottoman Empire, below.

Pakistan - See Pakistan: Arts & Culture.

Russia / Soviet Union, see: Europe, below.

Secrets of the Silk Road - The Silk Road was a vast system of trade routes that connected China with the West, allowing for the exchange of goods, ideas, technology, and religions. This website examines the Tarim Basin in western China, the path for anyone traveling along the Silk Road. The many cultures passing through this region influenced the people living there, bringing new commodities, beliefs, and technologies to their way of life (2011, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology). See also The Silk Road: Connecting Cultures, Creating Trust (2002, Smithsonian Institution).

Vietnam - See Korean & Vietnam Wars, below.

Korean & Vietnam Wars

See also:
Asia & the Pacific
20th Century U.S. History
Veterans' Stories
Salem History
EBSCO Explora Facts on File

America's Vietnam AUDIO VIDEO - Looks at the origins of the Vietnam War and early U.S. involvement under President Eisenhower. The Kennedy Commitment AUDIO explores the factors that influenced President John F. Kennedy's decision to increase U.S. presence in Vietnam. The Johnson Transition AUDIO VIDEO examines President Lyndon Johnson's options for dealing with this 'inherited war' when he took office following the assassination of President Kennedy (Miller Center, University of Virginia). See also Pentagon Papers, below.

Korean War [Archived page] - An overview of the Korean conflict of the early 1950s (George Washington University). See also Digital History: Korean War (2016, University of Houston). For Korean history, see Korea NEW! (Encyclopædia Britannica), Korea Information - History NEW! (Korean Cultural Center New York, Korean Consulate General), and Brief History of Korea NEW! [Link opens a PDF] (Korea Society; non-profit organization).

Pentagon Papers Archive AUDIO - A brief overview plus supporting materials (primary sources) relating to the case of the Pentagon Papers, classified documents on the Vietnam war published by the New York Times in 1971. Audio and transcripts, Supreme Court documents, and more. (2001, George Washington University). Nixon and the Pentagon Papers shows why President Richard Nixon was deeply concerned with leaks related to Johnson administration policies (Miller Center, University of Virginia).

Vietnam History - From the early dynasties through the Vietnam War and postwar economic and social modernization. Click on 'Vietnam' in the lefthand menu to choose a time period or topic. (By C.N. Le, professor of Sociology at University of Massachusetts)

Vietnam War Era Ephemera - Historical overview with digitized leaflets and newspapers (primary sources) distributed during the anti-war and other activist campaigns of the 1960s and 1970s. (University of Washington)

Vietnam Project AUDIO - Recorded interviews, photographs, a collection of original documents and other primary source materials relating to Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. High school and up. (Texas Tech University)

Europe

See also:
Prehistory & Ancient History
World Wars I and II
DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES
EBSCO Explora Facts on File

British History [Archived pages; some media features may not work] - Lessons on British History from the Battle of Hastings and the Norman Conquest through the 20th Century, with sections on the Normans, the Middle Ages, the Tudors, Civil War & Revolution, Empire & Sea Power, Abolition, Victorians, Homefront WW1 & WW2, and Making Modern Britain. Includes a Timeline of British History from the Neolithic age to 2005; for high school and up. See also Museum of London Learning Resources, for middle school and up. Younger kids, see History for Kids and related links (BBC), above. Walk Through Time [Archived page; some media features may not work] presents British history for kids age 7 - 9. (British Broadcasting Corporation)

British Children: V & A Museum of Childhood [Archived page] - Explore a collection of childhood objects such as toys, dolls, dollhouses, games & puzzles, clothing and more, from the 16th century to the present day (Victoria & Albert Museum of Childhood).

British Standards of Living by Century - Brief overviews of life in Britain from the 13th through the 20th century, focusing on economic conditions, travel, and currency. Use the online Currency Converter (in British Pounds) to find out how many animals, stones of wool, and quarters of wheat you can buy, and how much you could earn. (UK National Archives)

Eighteenth Century England [Archived pages] UPDATED LINKS! - A collection of student projects, exploring numerous aspects of life in 18th century England. Includes Capital Punishment in 18th-Century England, The English Bride, Join the British Army!, 18th-Century Food, and dozens of other topics. High school and up. (1999 - 2002, University of Michigan)

England and the Transatlantic Slave Trade: Black British History in the 18th and 19th Centuries - Information on Black Lives in England, The Slave Trade & Plantation Wealth, and Abolitionists; middle school and up (Historic England). Recovered Histories provides primary sources such as pamphlets and supplementary texts which capture the voices of the enslaved, enslavers, slave ship surgeons, abolitionists, parliamentarians, the clergy, planters and rebels (Anti-Slavery International, a UK registered charity). See also Abolition of the Slave Trade [Archived page]; high school and up (2012, New York Public Library).

European-American Heritage - See DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES - European-Americans.

Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe (Making the History of 1989) VIDEO - Essays, interviews, and over 300 primary sources, including government documents, images, videos, and artifacts, on the fall of communism in Eastern Europe (2007, George Mason University). Communism in Central & Eastern Europe [Archived page; media features do not work] offers recollections and other materials related to the revolutions of 1989 in Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Romania, and to the state of democracy, culture and civil society in the region twenty years later (2010, Transitions Online, a nonprofit media organization based in Prague). High school and up.

French Revolution - 'An accessible and lively introduction to the French Revolution as well as an extraordinary archive of some of the most important documentary evidence from the Revolution, including 338 texts, 245 images, and a number of maps and songs.' High school and up. (2001, Center for History and New Media, George Mason University)

History for Kids - See History for Kids, above.

Industrial History in Europe [CAUTION: This site includes links to Wikipedia articles] - Examines the industrial history of Belgium, Germany, Great Britain, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, and Norway. Includes brief biographies of key figures, and links to related resources (European Route of Industrial Heritage).

Jewish History of Eastern Europe: An Interactive Journey - An online exhibition, Beba Epstein: The Extraordinary Life of an Ordinary Girl INTERACTIVE about a young girl named Beba Epstein - born Poland in 1922 - whose autobiography was discovered in 2017. 'You will discover that despite her exceptional fate, Beba is not so different from any other young teenager today.' Includes a table of contents, and teacher guides for grades 3-5, grades 6-8, and grades 9-12 (2021, YIVO Institute For Jewish Research).

Life in the Middle Ages [Archived page; broken links] - Explores what daily life was like in the Middle Ages (2011, Annenberg Media). In Life in a Medieval Castle [Archived page], 'a British historian talks about everyday life in a medieval English castle, giving a sense of how lords and ladies, archers and engineers, cooks and carpenters lived their lives behind castle walls.' (2000, PBS; site includes advertisements)

Magna Carta VIDEO - Magna Carta is one of the most famous documents in the world. This site explores its 800-year legacy with articles by leading experts, videos & animations, primary documents, and a range of teaching resources (one of dozens of online exhibitions from the British Library). For more on Magna Carta's continuing influence on principles of freedom, democracy and the rule of law around the world, see Magna Carta Today (Magna Carta 2015 Committee).

Ottoman Empire - See Ottoman Empire, below.

Renaissance [Archived page] - Explores the intellectual and economic changes that occurred in Europe from the fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries (2011, Annenberg Media). See also The Renaissance [Archived page], which includes a timeline (PBS / Devillier Donegan Enterprises; site includes advertisements).

Russian History [Archived page] - 'This page dates the major (and some not so major) events in Russian history and links them with explanatory and related materials on the Web.' Covers the years 860 C.E. to the Post-Soviet era; expect broken links (2008, Bucknell University). For information about the ancient tribes of nomadic warriors who originally lived in what is now southern Siberia, see Scythians, above. Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825 [Archived page] 'traces Russia's movement from relative isolation to global empire through its contacts with Europe, Asia, and the Americas (2004, New York Public Library). See Revelations from the Russian Archives [Archived page] for information on Soviet history from the Revolution through Perestroika (1992, Library of Congress). Gulag describes the suffering of prisoners in the Gulag (forced labor camps) of Stalin's Soviet Union, as well as struggles to end Soviet political repression. Includes photos and other images (2006, Center for History and New Media, George Mason University et al.). High school and up. For more links on the Cold War & US-Soviet relations, see 20th Century U.S. History: Cold War.

Stonehenge - See Stonehenge and related links, above.

Vikings [Archived page] - Describes the Vikings' voyages of exploration as well as their daily life (2000 - 2001, Norwegian Ministry of Education).

Latin America

See also:
Explorers
DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES
EBSCO Explora Facts on File

1492: An Ongoing Voyage [Archived page] - This site answers the questions, 'What was life like in the Western Hemisphere and the Mediterranean before 1492? What spurred European expansion? How did European, African and American peoples react to each other? What were some of the immediate results of these contacts?' (1992 - 2000, Library of Congress). See also Christopher Columbus and related links, above.

Conquistadors [NOTE: Archived page; media features do not work] - Learn about the Spanish Conquistadors in the New World and their contact with Native Americans; middle school and up. Click on the name of a Conquistador to begin. (2001, Oregon Public Broadcasting and PBS Online; site includes advertisements)

Hispanic-American Heritage - See DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES - Hispanic-American & Latino.

Library of Congress Online Hispanic Collections - Scroll to History and Culture heading for additional online exhibits and digital collections 'encompassing Latin America, the Caribbean, Hispanics and Portuguese in the United States, the Iberian Peninsula, and other places where Iberian culture dominated and has survived.' Includes articles & essays, maps, documents, paintings, prints, and artifacts.

Maya Ball [Link opens a PDF] - 'The ancient Greeks may have had their Olympics, and the Romans their gladiators, but when it comes to team sports, nobody beat the Maya...' This colorful printable lesson explores the origins of team sports in early Mayan culture. For middle school students. (2012, Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania)

Panama Canal - An online exhibition offering a history of the building of the Canal, featuring timeline, photographs, blueprints, maps, letters, diaries, postcards, news clippings, and more. (2015, Linda Hall Library and United Engineering Societies Foundation)

Spanish-American War - Images, texts, bibliographies and other resources on the Spanish-American War (1898), the period before the war, and some of the fascinating people who participated in the fighting or commented about it, with information about Cuba, Guam, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Spain, and the United States. Includes an overview essay and a general timeline for the war and the period. Links within the texts provide additional information (2010, Library of Congress). Battleship Maine and Destruction of the Maine examine 'the blowing up of the battleship USS Maine in Havana harbor... a critical event on the road to that war' (2014, Naval History and Heritage Command, U.S. Navy).

U.S. - Mexico War, 1846-1848: A Continent Divided - 'Though fought entirely on soil claimed by Mexico, the U.S. - Mexico war remains very much an American story for historians in the United States. This website seeks to address this imbalance, adopting a bi-national focus to examine the war as part of a larger and more integrated North American narrative.' Includes a large collection of primary source materials, as well as biographies, essays, K-12 lesson plans, and more (University of Texas). See also Impact of the Mexican American War on American Society and Politics (American Battlefield Trust).

Middle East

See also:
Africa
Asia
Prehistory & Ancient History
DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES
EBSCO Explora Facts on File

Ancient Egypt - See Egypt links in the Prehistory & Ancient History section, above.

Ancient Israel - See Megiddo, above.

Arab-American Heritage - See DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES - Arab, Arab-American & Muslim.

CIA in Iran - Explores the pivotal role of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency in the plot which overthrew Iran's elected Prime Minister in 1953. High school and up (2000, New York Times). See also CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup (2013, National Security Archive; George Washington University)

Israel [NOTE: Archived page; media features do not work] - Chronological history of key events in Israel's history since its creation in 1948 through 2008, plus links to related materials (British Broadcasting Corporation).

Jewish Heritage - See DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES - Jewish.

Middle East: Global Connections [NOTE: Archived page; media features do not work] - Explores the history of the Middle East region and the relationship between the Middle East and the West, looking at events through the lens of politics, science, economics, and more. Examines the appeal of religious militancy, the role of women, the impact of oil & other natural resources, and other 'big-picture' questions. Created in 2002, so more recent events are not included; expect broken links. (WGBH Educational Foundation)

Muslim Heritage - See DIVERSITY / MULTICULTURAL RESOURCES - Arab, Arab-American & Muslim.

Ottoman Empire (History.com) - Examines the history, culture, and legacy of the Ottoman Empire, which once dominated a large territory from Egypt to Russia, from India to Austria (site includes advertisements). See also Ottoman Empire (Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.) and Ottoman Empire (World History Encyclopedia).

Petra - See Ancient City of Petra, above.

Women in Ancient Egypt - See Hatshepsut: From Queen to Pharaoh and related links, above.

World Wars I and II

See also:
20th Century U.S. History
Salem History
EBSCO Explora Facts on File

Anne Frank INTERACTIVE - Learn about Anne Frank, is a Jewish girl who had to go into hiding during World War Two to avoid the Nazis. After her death Anne becomes world famous because of the diary she wrote while in hiding. The website includes a virtual tour of the Secret Annex where Anne Frank and her family hid from the Nazis (Anne Frank House Museum). See also Holocaust links, below.

Atomic Weapons - See Hiroshima links, below. See also Atomic Archive and related links on the invention of the atomic bomb, nuclear policy, and nuclear proliferation, on the U.S. History page.

Flight and Rescue VIDEO - 'This is the extraordinary story of more than 2,000 Polish Jewish refugees. Enduring the hardships of travel and restrictive immigration laws, they escaped wartime Europe to safety in the Far East just months before the start of the Nazi genocide that claimed the lives of three million Polish Jews' (U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum). Stories of Rescue VIDEO offers more stories of courageous non-Jews who rescued Jews from the Nazis in more than two dozen countries; click a country on the map or use the dropdown menu to see more stories; includes some video. Formerly Stories of Moral Courage (2010, Jewish Foundation for the Righteous). See also Holocaust links, below.

Hiroshima: Ground Zero VIDEO - This short video shows 'haunting, once-classified images of absence and annihilation' caused by the atomic bomb (International Center of Photography). Voices of Hiroshima is a collection of interviews with eye-witnesses of the bombing of Hiroshima (primary sources) (1990 - 2006, Hiroshima Peace Cultural Center). See also Hiroshima and Nagasaki VIDEO (2015, Swedish Physicians against Nuclear Weapons et al.), Nagasaki: Survivors' Narratives UPDATED LINK! and Kids Page: The Atomic Bombing and Nagasaki UPDATED LINK! (Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum, Nagasaki City). Learn About Nuclear Weapons includes an explanation of how nuclear weapons work, and the history of their development, use, and consequences (Swedish Physicians against Nuclear Weapons; non-profit organization). See also Atomic Archive and related links on the invention of the atomic bomb, nuclear policy, and nuclear proliferation, on the U.S. History page.

Holocaust Encyclopedia - A well-organized collection of illustrated encyclopedia articles on all aspects of the holocaust, plus a timeline, maps, and other resources for students (U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum). Additional materials may be found at the Holocaust Resource Center UPDATED LINK!, which includes photos, diaries, letters, and other primary resources (YadVashem.org), and Holocaust Educational Resources for Students and Teachers (Remember.org). High school and up. The Holocaust Chronicle website contains the full text and images from the print edition of The Holocaust Chronicle, from the roots of the Holocaust to the aftermath. High school and up (Publications International, Ltd.; book published in 2000). Life After the Holocaust AUDIO documents the experiences of six Holocaust survivors whose journeys brought them to the United States, and revealing the complexity of starting over (U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum). See also Flight and Rescue, Kristallnacht, and Letters to Sala, below.

Japanese-American Internment: Dear Miss Breed - A collection of letters and postcards UPDATED LINK! written from internment camps by young Japanese-Americans, showing what life was like for the children and teenagers being held in the camps (2010, Japanese American National Museum). For a brief overview, see Japanese-American Internment During World War II (2020, U.S. National Archives). The Orange Story AUDIO VIDEO INTERACTIVE is a filmed dramatization that follows Koji Oshima, a grocer, as he prepares to abandon everything and report to an assembly center; also includes archival resources that reveal the causes and consequences of this shameful moment in U.S. history; high school and up (by a team of filmmakers, educators, and scholars). The Densho Digital Repository VIDEO allows you to hear the story of the Japanese American incarceration experience from those who lived it, and find thousands of historic photographs, documents, newspapers, letters and other primary source materials from immigration to the WWII incarceration and its aftermath (Densho.org; non-profit organization). The Japanese American Relocation Digital Archives depicts life inside the detention camps using primary sources such as personal & official photographs, letters & diaries, transcribed oral histories, art, and more. Also offers background, timeline, and lesson plans (Calisphere, University of California). For additional photographs, see Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar (2009, Library of Congress; photos by Ansel Adams). In Korematsu v. United States (1944) VIDEO, you can learn about the landmark Supreme Court case that upheld the government's forceful removal of 120,000 people of Japanese descent from their homes on the West Coast to internment camps in remote areas of western and midwestern states during World War II (C-SPAN); see also Fred's Story NEW! (2021, Korematsu Institute). High school and up.

Japanese Attacked Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941 - A brief description of the event that prompted the U.S. to declare war on Japan. You can also listen to FDR's Day of Infamy Speech AUDIO (Address to Congress requesting a declaration of war, Dec. 8, 1941) or read a transcript of that speech (Library of Congress).

Kristallnacht ('Night of Broken Glass') VIDEO - Describes the violent anti-Jewish pogrom which occurred throughout Germany on November 9 and 10, 1938. Includes photos and a video interview with an eyewitness; click on the picture under the heading 'View Personal History' to see the video (U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum). See also Holocaust links, above.

Letters to Sala: A Young Woman's Life in Nazi Labor Camps [Archived page] - Illustrates the Holocaust through the experiences of one young woman. 'From her letters, we learn about friendship and love, Jewish life in occupied Poland, Nazi labor camps, the intensely human need to rebuild life after the catastrophe of war, and the ability of words to give and sustain life.' (2006; New York Public Library). See also Holocaust links, and Anne Frank.

The Marshall Plan: Selling Democracy - The post-World War II European Recovery Program (ERP), or Marshall Plan, was a massive aid program to help Europe recover from the devastation of World War II. This site describes the Marshall Plan as well as the films created to help sell the plan - and a vision of American-style prosperity - to the Europeans. (2004 - 2009; Schulberg Productions)

Nuclear Weapons - See Hiroshima links, above, and Atomic Archive and related links on the invention of the atomic bomb, nuclear policy, and nuclear proliferation, on the U.S. History page.

Nuremberg Trials (1945-49) VIDEO - 'In the immediate aftermath of the Holocaust, the world was faced with a challenge - how to seek justice for an almost unimaginable scale of criminal behavior. The International Military Tribunal (IMT) held at Nuremberg, Germany, attempted to broach this immense challenge on a legal basis.' (U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum).

Veterans' Stories - See Veterans' Stories links on the U.S. History page.

World War I Timeline - Lists the chief events of the War from 1914-1919, with photos; related pages include U.S. Entered World War One, April 6, 1917, a brief overview of how the war began and why the U.S. became a part of it, plus short articles on WWI Military Technology and The Lusitania Disaster (Library of Congress). See also The Lusitania (PBS; site includes advertisements). For another brief summary of the war, plus related textbook, documents, images, timeline, music and more, see Digital History: Overview of World War I AUDIO; use the tabs above the article to access the related materials (2014, University of Houston). You'll find an Interactive Timeline of WWI on the National World War I Museum website. First World War Stories AUDIO VIDEO explore the war 'through the lives of those who experienced it both on the front line and at home,' with a fascinating assortment of images, letters, articles, audio, and more (2018, Imperial War Museum, UK). BBC Schools: World War One [NOTE: Videos do not play in the USA] & BBC History: World War One AUDIO VIDEO offer WWI learning materials for elementary through high school (British Broadcasting Corporation). The World War One Documents Archive is a comprehensive site offering text of primary documents including conventions, treaties, memorials & personal reminiscences, essays on a wide variety of special topics, plus images and links (2010, Brigham Young University). The Great War Interactive Timeline VIDEO includes original video footage, maps, photos and descriptions of events (American Battle Monuments Commission). The unique site, 1917: Free History, creates modern social media posts using excerpts from letters, memoirs, diaries and other primary documents of the period, showing what various people in Russia and other countries were thinking about, and what happened to them day-by-day in this eventful year (Pushkin House, London, at el.).

World War II Museum AUDIO VIDEO - Includes a World War II History for students, with recommended books & websites, research starters & fact sheets, an article on the Scientific and Technological Advances of World War II that had a major impact on present-day technology and medicine, and related online materials such as oral histories, essays, lesson plans, and videos (2017, National World War II Museum). See also Digital History: Overview of World War II AUDIO; use the tabs above the article to access related materials (2014, University of Houston). WW2History.com AUDIO VIDEO is a multimedia resource on WW2 history offering videos, articles, timeline, and 'audio testimonies from those who experienced it' (2010 - 2016; by historian, author, and documentary filmmaker Laurence Rees; site includes advertisements). BBC History: World War Two [Archived page; media features do not work] examines the causes, events and people of the war (2014, British Broadcasting Corporation). WW2 People's War [Archived page] is a large collection of personal memories and photos from World War Two from the British perspective (2003 - 2006, British Broadcasting Corporation). World War II Interactive Timeline VIDEO includes original video footage, maps, photos and descriptions of events (American Battle Monuments Commission).

Other International / World Events

See also:
History of Medicine links
20th Century U.S. History
WEATHER & DISASTERS
World Wars I and II
EBSCO Explora Facts on File

Antiglobalization - A background article on neo-liberal globalization and the anti-globalization social movement, with links to articles on related topics (2015, Encyclopaedia Britannica). WTO History Project has photographs, interviews, and other primary and secondary sources relating to the 1999 World Trade Organization protests in Seattle (2004, University of Washington).

Arms & Armor [Link opens a PDF] - Weapon or work of art, or both? For battle or just for show? For a soldier or a king? Discover fun facts about arms & armor, and use your imagination to design armor inspired by your favorites! (Metropolitan Museum)

Atomic Weapons - See Hiroshima links, above, and Atomic Archive and related links on the invention of the atomic bomb, nuclear policy, and nuclear proliferation, on the U.S. History page.

Disasters - See South Plainfield Public Library's Weather & Disasters links. See also Secrets of the Dead, below, and Nova's Disasters Archive [Archived page] VIDEO INTERACTIVE (2008 - 2018, PBS; site includes advertisements).

Epidemics - See Influenza Epidemic of 1918 and related links.

Environment & History: Guns, Germs & Steel [Archived page] - 'Traces humanity's journey over the last 13,000 years - from the dawn of farming at the end of the last Ice Age to the realities of life in the twenty-first century,' exploring the ways in which physical geography as well as the distribution of commonplace things, such as wheat, cattle, and writing, may have shaped the course of global history. (2005, PBS; based on a Pulitzer Prize-winning book by Jared Diamond). Environmental History Resources [Archived page] VIDEO includes YouTube videos (site includes advertisements), essays, and other resources which explore the ways in which environmental changes, often the result of human actions, have caused historical trends; high school and up (2006 - 2018; Dr. Jan Oosthoek, an environmental historian based in Brisbane, Australia).

Famous Trials - Extensive information about dozens of famous trials through history, from the trial of Socrates in 399 B.C. to the Minneapolis Police Department Officers (George Floyd Murder) Trials of 2021. Includes chronologies, biographies, letters, images, court documents, essays, and related material. For high school and up (1995 - 2022; by Douglas O. Linder, University of Missouri Law Professor). See Supreme Court links for landmark U.S. Supreme Court cases and famous federal trials. Famous FBI Cases & Criminals has overviews of famous historical cases (mostly from the U.S.) involving terrorism, bank robberies, organized crime, violent crime, white collar crime, and espionage. Covers the Brinks Robbery, the Lindbergh Kidnapping, Al Capone, Bonnie & Clyde, Willie Sutton, the Unabomber, Enron, and many others (Federal Bureau of Investigation).

Fire & Ice: Hindenburg and Titanic VIDEO - An online exhibit examining two famous marvels of transportation that each met a tragic end. Includes a great collection of photos, menus, brochures, postcards, letters, maps, and videos (2012, Smithsonian Institution). See also Lost Liners and Secrets of the Dead, below.

Globalization - See Anti-Globalization links.

Industrial Revolution - See Industrial History in Europe, above.

Influenza Epidemic of 1918 - Primary documents and photos related to the deadly worldwide epidemic that attacked one-fifth of the world's population in 1918, killing an estimated 50 million people (National Archives). See also America during the 1918 Influenza Pandemic (Digital Public Library of America) and The Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1920 AUDIO (In The Past Lane podcast). Contagion [Archived page] has overview articles on a variety of historical epidemics, including the 1918 influenza epidemic, as well as the the Great Plague of London (1665), the Boston smallpox epidemic (1721), Tuberculosis in Europe and North America (1800-1922), Yellow Fever Epidemic in Philadelphia (1793), and others (Harvard University). Pandemics: Today and Yesterday provides a historical look at the COVID-19, plague, cholera, influenza, and HIV pandemics (2020, Ohio State University). The 2020 ebook Pandemics: The Invisible Enemy NEW! [Login with library card barcode] provides a history of numerous pandemics from the late Middle Ages to the present; information on COVID-19 has not been updated (Salem Press). The Morality of Carelessness NEW! [Link opens a PDF] describes the Montclair Typhoid Epidemic of 1894 (2012, by Dan Capriotti; from the journal New Jersey History). How the Warsaw Ghetto beat an epidemic NEW! tells 'the remarkable story of an oppressed community rallying together to combat a public health crisis' in the Nazi ghetto of 1941 (2020, Christian Science Monitor). High school and up. See also History of Medicine links.

League of Nations History VIDEO - Examines events leading to the formation of the League of Nations, its political and technical activities, its ending, and how it led to the creation of the United Nations; use the left-hand menu to navigate. See also United Nations History & Timeline VIDEO. (United Nations)

Lost Liners - Explores the sinkings of the Lusitania, Titanic, Empress, Britannic, and Andrea Doria ocean liners (PBS; site includes advertisements). See also Fire & Ice: Hindenburg and Titanic, above, and Secrets of the Dead, below.

Medical History - See History of Medicine links.

Nuclear Weapons - See Hiroshima links, above, and Atomic Archive and related links on the invention of the atomic bomb, nuclear policy, and nuclear proliferation, on the U.S. History page.

Pandemics - See Influenza Epidemic of 1918 and related links.

Secrets of the Dead VIDEO - Investigates a variety of historic disasters and crimes, such as the Black Death, sinking of the Titanic, Salem Witch Trials, Great Fire of Rome, 1918 flu pandemic, burning of the Hindenburg, and many more. Includes background, clues & evidence, and interviews with experts. Choose a topic (Archaeology, Disease & Disaster, Historical Figures, Modern Mysteries, Notorious Killings, or Warfare) from the dropdown menu. For high school and up (PBS; site includes advertisements). See also Lost Liners, above.

Spanish-American War - See Spanish American War, above.

WTO (World Trade Organization) - See Anti-Globalization links.

United Nations - See League of Nations History, above.

revised 4/22 jd

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