100 Leaders NEW! VIDEO - Examines 100 significant leaders from all periods in world history. The 100 leaders chosen represent the full spectrum of leadership, with all of its positive and negative implications. For each leader, the site provides an image, brief biography, list of leadership traits, links to related resources, and bibliography. The site also includes a video on 'What makes a leader?' and a collection of teaching resources (National History Day; sponsored by Kenneth H. Behring)
Academy of Achievement AUDIO VIDEO - A large collection of biographies plus video / audio interviews (including transcripts) with important figures in the arts, business, public service, science & exploration, and sports. Each category includes profiles on dozens of individuals.
African American History: People (BlackPast.org) - Short descriptions of individuals who have contributed to the shaping of African American history; most include a picture (by Quintard Taylor, History Professor at University of Washington). Black Leadership VIDEO offers interviews with dozens of leaders from the black community, exploring the early influences on their lives, along with 'issues of black leadership and the transformational role of the civil rights movement in America' (University of Virginia). Let Your Motto Be Resistance highlights historical portraits of influential African-Americans from Frederick Douglass to Wynton Marsalis; portraits include brief biographies (National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian). Need more? Check out our African-American History Links.
African American Medical Pioneers - Brief biographies of several African Americans responsible for important advances in medicine; with supporting material (PBS; site includes advertisements).
African Americans in the Sciences - Profiles of African-American men and women who have contributed to the advancement of science and engineering. Alphabetical name index as well as lists of scientists by scientific field, women scientists, and first African-Americans to earn Ph.D.s in science (by librarian Mitchell C. Brown, University of California). African Americans in the Chemical Sciences offers detailed profiles of George Washington Carver and 10 other important African Americans scientists (American Chemical Society). Mop Top, the Hip Hop Scientist™ INTERACTIVE is a colorful site featuring short biographies of a dozen African-Americans in the sciences, plus related material, for middle school students (2012; by Jackie Johnson, an instructor at Wake Technical Community College).
Amazing Americans INTERACTIVE - Entertaining stories and fun quizzes about Leaders & Statesmen, Activists & Reformers, Adventurers & Explorers, Musicians & Composers, Writers & Artists, Industrialists & Entrepreneurs, Scientists & Inventors, and Athletes & Entertainers 'who made this country what it is today.' (Library of Congress)
American History Biographies - Detailed biographies of selected historical and literary figures from Benjamin Franklin to George W. Bush (University of Groningen, Netherlands).
American Presidents and First Ladies - See American Presidents and related links.
Astronaut Biographies - Brief biographies of current and past astronauts, as well as international astronauts and cosmonauts, plus related materials; use the menu on the left to navigate. Includes photos (NASA). See also Women in Space links.
Bio-Cube INTERACTIVE - An interactive tool which helps students to develop an outline of a person whose biography or autobiography they have just read, or write their own autobiography. For grades 3 - 12 (International Reading Association & National Council of Teachers of English).
Chemists UPDATED LINK! - Dozens of biographical articles about people behind some of chemistry's most important milestones; with images (Chemical Heritage Foundation). See also African Americans in the Chemical Sciences, above.
Computer Pioneers - Brief bios of computer pioneers and their inventions, and other important people in computers or computing industry. A bibliography of sources is provided at the end of each article. (The History of Computing Project, nonprofit organization; site includes advertisements)
Design Library - Biographies of leading figures in contemporary architecture and design, featuring people as diverse as architect Frank Lloyd Wright, software engineer Tim Berners-Lee, furniture designer / entrepreneur Terence Conran, shoe designer Manolo Blahnik, fashion icon Christian Dior, and many others (Design Museum, London UK).
Disabilities: Famous (and not-so-famous) People with Disabilities - About 20 brief biographies of important people who had disabilities, including artists & writers, activists, political leaders, and others; expect broken links. (Disability Social History Project)
Energy Pioneers - Brief biographies (with images) of individuals who have made significant contributions to energy and science. Includes well-known scientists like Thomas Edison and Marie Curie, as well as lesser-known figures. (U.S. Department of Energy)
First Ladies - See American Presidents and related links.
Giraffe Heroes - Profiles of 'everyday heroes'- people you probably won't see on the evening news, who 'stick their necks out for the common good,' working on issues from poverty to gang violence to environmental pollution. The searchable index allows you to find heroes by name, field of 'Giraffe' work, location, gender, age, and occupation (non-profit organization: Giraffe Project). My Hero offers user-contributed stories of heroes from all walks of life, including the famous and the not-so-famous. Browse by subject or search by name/keyword (non-profit organization: My Hero Project).
Hispanic Heritage: Latinos in History - Short biographies of 25 key Hispanic Americans such as Cesar Chavez and Severo Ochoa. A related page, Meet Famous Latinos offers short interviews with some other notable Latinos (Scholastic.com). See also Famous Hispanics in the World and History; not updated frequently, so expect some broken links (from online magazine Coloquio.com, Javier Bustamante, Editor & Webmaster; site includes advertisements). Latinos in Science & Technology AUDIO 'highlights the lives and accomplishments of inventors, aviators, astronauts, and the everyday people of Latin America and the southwestern United States who have affected science and technology' (Smithsonian).
Historic Figures - Short biographies of important world figures from the ancient era to the late 20th century; arranged alphabetically. Includes an image for each person. (British Broadcasting Corporation)
Holocaust: Stories of Rescue - Accounts of brave men and women who helped Jews to hide or escape from the Nazis during the Holocaust. (Jewish Foundation for the Righteous)
Inspiring Women - Interviews with women from around the world 'who are changing the world as we know it.' Interviewees include Isabel Allende, Maya Angelou, Margaret Cho, Melissa Etheridge, Ana Nogales, Gloria Steinem, Helen Thomas, Annie Lennox, Alice Walker, Wangari Maathai and others. (From Feminist.com, non-profit organization).
Mathematicians - Biographies on hundreds of mathematicians from 1680 BC to the present. Search by keyword, or browse alphabetically or chronologically. Clicking on a name will bring up a very brief biographical sketch and related resources; click on 'Full MacTutor biography' for a longer biography (University of St Andrews, Scotland). See also Women in Mathematics, below.
Obituaries - New York Times biographical articles on important figures who have died recently, as well as some historical figures who died during the same month in previous years. (Site includes advertisements)
Presidents and First Ladies - See American Presidents and related links.
Scientific Biography - Short articles on scientists, each with a picture. You can browse scientists alphabetically, or by branch of science, gender/minority status, historical period, nationality, or a list of prize winners; or you can enter a name in the search box. Includes references for further reading and some links; expect broken links (by Eric Weisstein / Wolfram Research Inc.). Profiles in Science celebrates twentieth-century leaders in biomedical research and public health. Includes biographies of prominent scientists & physicians, along with explanations of their work, and archival (primary) documents such as letters, lecture notes, and more; high school and up (National Library of Medicine). National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoirs offers lengthy (20-35 pages) biographies of hundreds of America's most distinguished scientists such as Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell, Margaret Mead, and others whose names are less well-known. Use the Advanced Search to search for a specific scientist by name. PDF format, high school and up. See also African Americans in the Sciences, above, and Women in Science, below.
Sports: Breaking Records, Breaking Barriers - Brief profiles on dozens of pioneering athletes who dominated their sports; championed their country, race, or sex; and helped others to achieve. Includes Jackie Robinson, Althea Gibson, Hank Aaron, Billie Jean King, Mia Hamm, Kristi Yamaguchi, Roberto Clemente, and many more (Smithsonian). Crossing the Color Barrier: Jackie Robinson and the Men who Integrated Major League Baseball offers short biographies of Jackie Robinson, Larry Doby, Henry Thompson, Willard Brown and Dan Bankhead, the five African American men who played in the major leagues in 1947 (LA84 Foundation). See also Baseball, the Color Line, and Jackie Robinson (Library of Congress).
Statisticians in History - Biographies of some of the most accomplished statisticians in history - including Florence Nightingale! (American Statistical Association)
Supreme Court Justices - Biographies of all Supreme Court judges, past and present (OYEZ Project; Chicago-Kent College of Law). See also Biographies of Current Justices of the Supreme Court and Timeline: Justices 1789 to Present (Supreme Court of the United States)
TIME's Person of the Year 1927 - 2011 [NOTE: Linked stories are available only to subscribers.] - 'TIME's Person of the Year is bestowed by the editors on the person or persons who most affected the news and our lives, for good or ill, and embodied what was important about the year.' This page displays the TIME's 'Person of the Year' cover images through 2011. See also Time Person of the Year History. (Site includes advertisements)
U.S. Presidents and First Ladies - See American Presidents and related links.
U.S. Supreme Court Justices - See Supreme Court Justices, above.
Women in American History [CAUTION: This site includes links to Wikipedia articles.] - Biographies and related links for about 100 notable American women (from Women in History, 'a non-profit corporation dedicated to the education of all people through the dramatic re-creation of lives of notable women in U.S. history'). Find more on notable women in our Women's History Links section.
Women in Mathematics - Biographical essays on women mathematicians, with additional resources (books & links) recommended for further study (Agnes Scott College). See also Female Mathematicians (University of St Andrews, Scotland).
Women in Science - Brief profiles of dozens of famous women scientists (Eastern Illinois University). The Babes of Science Podcast NEW! AUDIO offers audio profiles of women who made an impact in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics. Click here for RSS feed; high school and up (by radio producer Poncie Rutsch). See also The Untold History of Women in Science and Technology AUDIO (The White House), Women Changing the Face of Medicine (National Library of Medicine; high school and up), Women Life Scientists Lessons (American Physiological Society; middle school and up), Women Scientists in American History (American Chemical Society; high school and up), and Women in Space links.
Working Heroes: Key People in Labor History - Biographies of men and women who shaped America's labor movement; high school and up. (AFL-CIO)