Conversion Calculators (Measurements) - See Calculator and related links.
Encyclopædia Britannica® [NOTE: Some material is available only to paid subscribers.] - 'Fact-checked online encyclopedia from Encyclopaedia Britannica with hundreds of thousands of objective articles, biographies, videos, and images from experts.' (Site includes advertisements)
Guiness World Records VIDEO - A selection of Guiness World Records, with related facts and photos for each entry. Includes 'amazing videos capturing the world of record-breaking facts and feats.' (Site includes advertisements)
Statistical Data [Archived page] - Selected links to statistics on a wide variety of subjects; last updated June 2013. (South Plainfield Public Library)
Virtual Reference Shelf - Almanacs, associations, clocks, calculators, dictionaries, encyclopedias, maps, quotations, statistics, and other online 'Reference Books'. (Library of Congress)
Children's University of Manchester INTERACTIVE - Online interactive learning materials, video clips, downloadable resources and educational games on topics in history (ancient Egypt and ancient Greece), languages (French), art/design, and science/medicine. For elementary and middle school students; uses British spelling. (2012, University of Manchester, UK)
Class Zone AUDIO VIDEO INTERACTIVE [Archived page; expect some broken links] - Online learning materials for middle school and high school students, covering Language Arts, Math, Science, Social Studies, and World Languages; includes tutorials, templates, animations, links, and much more. Education Place Online Schoolbooks [Archived page] offers online learning materials for pre-K through grade 6, covering Reading/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and Spelling; resources for Social Studies were not available when checked 10/17. (Both sites from Houghton Mifflin Publishing Company)
Discovery Education VIDEO INTERACTIVE - 'Free student resources that bring learning to life both inside and outside the classroom,' with 'interactive games, videos, contests, virtual labs and activities designed to help you dive deeper into a topic - and have fun too!' For students and teachers, K-12. (Discovery Communications, LLC, producer of Discovery Channel)
Enchanted Learning - Geography, science, animals, dinosaurs, inventors, explorers, crafts, and more. For elementary school students. (By educational web / software developers Jeananda Col and Mitchell Spector; site includes advertisements)
E-Themes - A large directory of links to high quality, kid-safe resources: 'free, fast access to over 2,500 collections of websites, on topics ranging from Aerodynamics to Zebras and everything in between!' You can also browse resources by grade; for students and teachers, grades 1-12. Frequency of updates varies for different topics; expect some broken links (University of Missouri). The Library of Congress offers a smaller collection of Themed Resources, which includes online exhibitions, special presentations, lesson plans and other educational materials, with many primary sources.
Learner Interactives INTERACTIVE - Interactive presentations designed to enhance and improve your skills in math, science, language, history, and arts; mostly for high school students. For related video courses, see Annenberg Media, below. (1997 - 2016, Annenberg Media). KnowItAll.org AUDIO VIDEO INTERACTIVE is a collection of videos, interactives, and other resources for K-12 students, teachers and parents (2001- 2017, ETV).
National Academies Press - The National Academies Press publishes more than scholarly 200 books a year on a wide range of topics in science, engineering, social sciences and medicine. This site offers thousands of titles published in the last several decades (most from the 1990s to the present); almost all can be downloaded for free in PDF format, by the chapter or the entire book. For college or advanced high school students. (National Academy of Sciences)
Open Courseware Consortium - Free online college-level course materials covering a broad range of topics, from universities around the world. Includes course overviews, assignments, readings, handouts, practice exams, and related resources (Non-profit educational consortium). For links to additional online college-level classes, see Sites for Seniors: Education.
Scholastic Interactive Learning Activities VIDEO INTERACTIVE - Get excited about History, Reading, Writing, Science, and Math, with interactive games, explorations, and other interesting and fun activities. Activities are organized by grade level (pre-K through Grade 12) and subject / activity type. (Scholastic Inc. publishing company; site includes advertisements).
Smithsonian Education VIDEO INTERACTIVE - Dozens of Smithsonian Institution websites for students, featuring art and design, science and nature, and history and faraway places (age level varies). See also Smithsonian for Kids NEW! INTERACTIVE.
Virtual Training Suite INTERACTIVE - More than 60 free Internet tutorials, each covering Internet research skills for a different university subject, from Aeronautical Engineering to Women's Studies. 'All of the tutorials are written and reviewed by a national team of lecturers and librarians from universities across the UK. These interactive, teach-yourself tutorials take around an hour to complete.' (Hosted and managed by TutorPro.com)
Databases & Free Premium Resources - Search magazines, newspapers & other reference materials in our online databases & research tools: EbscoHost student resources, Facts on File reference databases, Salem History, Transparent Language Online, and more! If you're logging on at home, you'll need to enter your name, library card barcode number, and PIN to get started.
Facts on File Reference Databases - A diverse collection of reference databases on American History, American Women's History, African-American History, American Indian History, Modern World History, Ancient & Medieval History, World Geography & Culture, Science, Health Reference Center, Blooms Literary Reference, Fergusons Career Guidance Center, Curriculum Resource Centers.
On the go? Now you can take EBSCOHost with you! Login to EBSCOHost with your Android, BlackBerry, Dell Axim, iPhone, or Palm 750 to access all the EBSCOHost databases! EBSCOhost automatically recognizes that you are a mobile device user and displays the correct version.
Google Scholar - A Google search engine which searches only scholarly literature, including peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, preprints, abstracts and technical reports from all broad areas of research, as well as patents and legal opinions/journals. For upper-level students. NOTE: Many of the resources which appear in Google Scholar search results are NOT available for free.
Research Beyond Google - Guide to searching the 'invisible web' to find authoritative information sources on a variety of subjects. High school and up; expect broken links. (2013, Open Education Database; site includes advertisements)
How to Write a Paper & Cite Sources
Academic Advancement Center Study Tips - Tips and tools to help you organize your time, take & review notes effectively, improve memory & concentration, and prepare for exams. This site is designed for college students, but college-bound high school students should find it useful as well (Ohio University).
Create A Graph INTERACTIVE - Choose the type of graph to create, enter your data, and this site will create a printable chart or graph for you. Includes a tutorial for beginners. (National Center for Education Statistics)
Critical Thinking Web - Online tutorials, quiz, and other materials will help you understand what critical thinking is, why it is important, and how to develop your critical thinking skills. (2004 - 2017, Joe Lau & Jonathan Chan; University of Hong Kong).
Kid Tools UPDATED LINK! - Free downloads of user-friendly software designed 'to help students take control of their learning, behavior, and problem solving to improve success in school.' A variety of tools are offered for pre-school through middle school students; the website provides information for parents and teachers. (2011, University of Missouri)
Quizzes INTERACTIVE - Fun quizzes and games to test and improve your knowledge of math, vocabulary, geography, history, or an assortment of other subjects; quizzes are presented in easy, medium and hard versions. (Sheppard Software; site includes advertisements).
Researching a Paper - See How to Write a Paper & Cite Sources, below.
Spark Notes - Free online study guides for literature, math, science, history, and more. NOTE: To access some parts of the site, you must register for a free membership (Barnes & Noble; site includes advertisements). Login to Freading with your library card number to download FREE SparkNotes Study Guides on literature, history, philosophy, and film, in ePUB format!
Basic Steps in the Research Process- A step-by-step guide to research, from choosing a topic through citing sources; high school and up (Cambridge Rindge and Latin School, Cambridge, MA) Writer's Handbook (University of Wisconsin) provides additional guidance for writing research papers, as well as literary analysis papers, scientific reports, and college application essays; suitable for high school and college students. Oregon School Library Information System's Guides for Elementary School students VIDEO and Middle & High School students VIDEO provide advice to younger students on how to do research, choose resources, find information, take notes, cite sources, and more; both guides include an automatic interactive 'citation maker'. See also Writing Handouts and related links, below. [NOTE: For access to databases & premium research sources (such as EbscoHost) mentioned in these guides, go to our ONLINE DATABASES page.]
Bio-Cube INTERACTIVE - An interactive tool which helps students to develop an outline of a person whose biography or autobiography they have just read, or write their own autobiography. For grades 3 - 12 (International Reading Association & National Council of Teachers of English).
Citation Maker INTERACTIVE - You can use this tool to create a Works Cited or Reference list of research sources following the MLA or APA standard citation formats; you will need to properly capitalize entries yourself (Oregon School Library Information System). See also Zotero, below. Citing Sources offers links to instructions for citing magazine articles, books, websites, and other sources in your term paper bibliography in various citation styles including APA, Turabian, MLA, Chicago and others (Duke University). The official Chicago Manual of Style Online is no longer free, but you can check the Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide to see sample citations for both printed and electronic sources (University of Chicago Press).
Copyright and Fair Use Animation UPDATED LINK! VIDEO - This animated video encourages students to think about copyright law and the appropriate ways to use original work responsibly (Common Sense Media; video hosted on YouTube). For more information on copyright and fair use, see Copyright FAQ, Fair Use FAQ, Public Domain FAQ, and Glossary of Terms (2016, Electronic Frontier Foundation). See also Finding Public Domain & Creative Commons Media, below.
Electra Guide Thesis Builder INTERACTIVE - This interactive tool asks you a few simple questions to help you create a thesis for an essay and generate an outline; the 'Topic-O-Rama' will suggest some good topics if you don't have one. For high school students. (By Tom March, a web-based educational designer and former classroom teacher)
Evaluating Information on the Web - See Evaluating Websites and related links.
Finding Public Domain & Creative Commons Media - This guide will help you find and correctly cite public domain and Creative Commons media (images, audio, video) for your project or presentation (Harvard University). See also Copyright and Fair Use links, above.
Paradigm Online Writing Assistant INTERACTIVE - 'An interactive, menu-driven, online writer's guide and handbook.' Explains how to find a topic, organize your essay, revise and edit your writing, and document your sources. Use the menu bar across the top to navigate. (By Chuck Guilford, Boise State University; site includes advertisements)
Plagiarism: What Is Plagiarism? NEW! - This guide for kids explains what plagiarism is and how to avoid it; elementary school and up (2014, KidsHealth.org). More advanced students, see Avoiding Plagiarism; high school and up (Purdue University).
Writing Handouts (University of Toronto) - Advice on organizing an essay, using quotations, paraphrase & summary, passive voice, and related subjects, plus lists of Books on Writing about Literature and Web Sites on Writing about Literature. Writing Center Handouts (University of North Carolina) VIDEO cover a broad range of writing topics, including specific writing assignments & contexts such as book reviews, comparing/contrasting, essay exams, poetry explications & speeches, and writing on specific subjects such as literature, history, & science. See also Brief Guides to Writing in the Disciplines (Harvard University) and Writer's Web (University of Richmond) for more guidance on writing in specific subject areas, as well as other writing advice. Writing Guides (University of Kentucky) is a collection of online college-level writing guides and links on a variety of topics, including Academic Essays, Avoiding Plagiarism, Critical Thinking, Reading, and Study Strategies, The Writing Process, Writing Your Research, Citing and Documenting Your Sources, Grammar and Usage, Personal and Professional Writing, Theses and Dissertations, and more. Essay Writing: The Basics (University of New South Wales, Australia) provides a brief, step-by-step overview of the process of writing an academic essay, with links to additional help. Writing Guides (Colorado State University) offer in-depth guidance on college-level Writing & Speaking, Research & Documentation, Writing in Specific Disciplines, and Conducting Qualitative & Quantitative Research. See also Basic Steps in the Research Process, above.
Zotero UPDATED! - A free, open-source tool that helps you collect, organize, and analyze research and share it in a variety of ways. Zotero collects all your research in a single, searchable interface. You can add PDFs, images, audio and video files, snapshots of web pages, and more. Starting with the release of Zotero 5.0, Zotero for Firefox and Zotero Standalone have been replaced by a single standalone application for users of all browsers. (Center for History and New Media, George Mason University)
Internet Public Library - Another megasite, arranged by subject, with separate sections For Kids (K-8) and For Teens. Also features a page of answers to Frequently Asked Reference Questions. (Drexel University, Florida State University et al.) [NOTE: Internet Public Library closed permanently in June 2015. The website is still available, but is no longer being updated. Expect broken links!]
KidsClick! - Links galore for kids in grades K-7. Arranged by subject. Created in 2011 - expect some broken links! (School of Library and Information Science at Kent State University)
Wikipedia - See Evaluating Websites and related links.
Annenberg Media UPDATED LINK! VIDEO - Dozens of online video courses for teachers and students, on a variety of topics in history, language, literature, culture, science, and more; for high school and college students, and teachers K-12. Click on 'Video Series' in the menu, then hover your mouse over 'Video Programs' to choose a broad subject & grade level, or see Disciplines (menu at the bottom of the page) to browse resources in Science, Mathematics, Literature, Language Arts, or Social Sciences. You can also search for resources by keyword. For related interactives, see Learner Interactives, above.
AP Archive VIDEO - Video footage of current and historic subjects, such as accidents & disasters, conflicts & terrorism, economy, natural world & environment, space exploration, government & politics, fashion & lifestyle, people, sports, and more. It includes the full collection of British Movietone VIDEO, a global newsreel which 'contains many of the world's enduring images and is rich in coverage of news events, celebrities, sports, music, social history, science, lifestyle' and more, spanning the period 1895 - 1986. British Pathé offers more than 80,000 videos of filmed history covering most of the 20th century (hosted on YouTube). See also BBC Motion Gallery VIDEO, a searchable video archive of over 20 years of BBC and CBS News; now part of Getty Images (British Broadcasting Corporation). [CAUTION: Some news videos may be disturbing or otherwise unsuitable for children.]
NBC Learn VIDEO - Short videos, historic news reports, and current events coverage designed to engage, inspire, and educate. Includes transcripts and lesson plans; all ages. (NBCUniversal Media, LLC)
New York Public Library Digital Collections AUDIO VIDEO - Explore hundreds of thousands of items digitized from The New York Public Library's collections. This site is a living database with new materials added every day, featuring prints, photographs, maps, manuscripts, streaming video, and more.
New York Public Library Events Archive: Kids Live & Teens Live VIDEO - Online webcasts (2010 - 2015) of 'thought-provoking conversations, real debates, & exciting spectacular performances with your favorite authors, artists, filmmakers, musicians, fashionistas, and more.'
PBS Online VIDEO - Access to a growing online library of past PBS programming; you can search for a title or browse by genre (topic). See also PBS Learning Media. You'll find video and audio lectures from the world's foremost scholars, authors, artists, scientists, policymakers, and community leaders covering a wide range of topics on WGBH Forum VIDEO; high school and up (WGBH & the Lowell Institute; hosted on YouTube). American Archive of Public Broadcasting AUDIO VIDEO offers historic public radio and television programs from across America. Watch and listen to programs that have had national impact, as well as local news and public affairs programs, local history productions, and programs dealing with education, environmental issues, music, art, literature, dance, poetry, religion, and more. Programs date from the 1950s to the 21st century; search by keyword or browse by subject (WGBH and Library of Congress).
TED Talks VIDEO - An archive of thought-provoking and inspiring talks by leading thinkers and doers. Covers a broad range of topics in technology, design, entertainment, science, business, the arts, and global issues.
USA.gov Videos NEW! - Videos from government agencies on a wide range of topics. Enter a search term, then click on 'Videos' in the menu bar above the search results.
CalPhotos - A searchable collection of nearly 250,000 images of plants, animals, fossils, people, and landscapes. (University of California)
Library of Congress Prints & Photographs - Online images on a wide range of topics. Includes photographs, art prints, drawings, posters, caricatures, cartoons, and more. You can search the collection by keyword, or browse by Creator/Related Names, Subjects, or Formats.
LIFE Photo Archive - Search millions of historic photographs from the LIFE Magazine photo archive, most previously unpublished, from the 1860s to the 1970s (LIFE Magazine and Google). See also LIFE Picture Collection (Getty Images; images are stamped with 'Life Picture Collection' and catalog number).
New York Public Library Digital Gallery - Now part of New York Public Library Digital Collections, above.
Old Pictures - Extensive collection of great historical photographs spanning the years 1850 to 1940. You can search by keyword, or browse by Picture Collections (broad subject), Themed Collections (narrower subject), or Defining Moments (specific events). (Site includes advertisements)
Pictures of Places - Need a picture of the Eiffel Tower, the Lincoln Memorial, the Taj Mahal, or the Leaning Tower of Pisa? This site links to thousands of great printable pictures of places all over the world. Arranged by state / country / region. (MindTravellers Inc.; site includes advertisements)
Science Images - See Science Photos and related links.
Social Issues Photographs - Historical pictures on a variety of political and social topics such as women's issues, government, labor organizations, utopian colonies, ethnic groups, social and leisure activities, and World War II Japanese Internment camps. Search by keyword (University of Washington).
Time News Photos - Photos of current events (site includes advertisements). [CAUTION: Some news photos may be disturbing or otherwise unsuitable for children.]
USA.gov Photos - Photos from government agencies on a wide range of topics. Enter a search term (such as 'owls' or 'apples' or 'Civil War photos'), then click on 'Images' in the menu bar above the search results.