computer Computers See also:
INVENTORS & INVENTIONS
SCIENCE, MATH & TECHNOLOGY
KIDSTUFF: Explore the Web
Useful Websites: COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY

Databases

General Computer Information

Birth of the Internet VIDEO INTERACTIVE - This interactive timeline explores the development of the internet from the 1960s through the 2000s, with text and video. High school and up (National Science Foundation). See also History of the Web (World Wide Web Foundation; non-profit organization) and, for more details, A Brief History of the Internet (Internet Society; non-profit organization). For the history of computers, see Computer History Timeline and related links, below.

Code.org: Learn Code - A library of online tutorials and activities that teach computer coding. Each resource includes a brief description,, and lists the device(s) required and appropriate age group. Includes tutorials for beginners, JavaScript tutorials, 'unplugged' computer science, tutorial apps for phones and tablets, tutorials in other programming languages, and making your own apps or games; all ages (Code.org; non-profit organization). Scratch INTERACTIVE is a free program you can download to your Windows or Mac computer to create your own interactive stories, animations, games, music, and art. You can also share your creations on the website. 'Scratch is intended especially for 8- to 16-year-olds, but younger children can work on Scratch projects with their parents or older siblings, and college students use Scratch in some introductory computer science classes.' Includes tours and video tutorials (MIT Media Lab). The tutorial Scratch: Programming for Budding Computer Scientists provides additional instruction for older students (by David J. Malan, Harvard University). Coding Tools for Adults and Older Teens lists several online courses and tools to help you learn how to write code; high school and up (2014; Doug Baldwin, Piscataway Public Library).

Computational Fairy Tales - Computer science concepts as told through fairy tales. Includes over 70 stories written for a variety of audiences, from those with absolutely no programming experience to those with significant computer science backgrounds (By Jeremy Kubica, a Software Engineer at Google). Computer Science Unplugged VIDEO is 'a collection of free learning activities that teach Computer Science through engaging games and puzzles that use cards, string, crayons and lots of running around.' Topics covered include data, algorithms, procedures, cryptography, and more. Each Unplugged activity is available to download in PDF format, with full instructions and worksheets; primarily for ages 5 - 12 (University of Canterbury, NZ).

Computer History Timeline - A history of the development of computers, from 1939 to the present, with pictures; you can browse by year or by category. There's also a related collection of online exhibits including This Day in Computer History, a history of the Babbage Engine, plus computer advertising brochures for good historical pictures going back to the 1950s. (Computer History Museum). American Experience: Silicon Valley VIDEO is 'an eye-opening look at the birthplace of the modern technological era told by the people who shaped it.' Includes a program transcript, plus video clips, timeline, and a list of related books & websites (WGBH/PBS; site includes advertisements). For more on computer history, see Computer History FAQ (San Diego Computer Museum). For additional photos related to computer history, see Silicon Valley History images (Santa Clara University). For the history of the internet and World Wide Web, see Birth of the Internet and related links, above.

Computer Science: A Guide to Web Resources - For advanced students, this site offers links on a variety of online resources relating to computer science, including dictionaries, journals, programming languages, and much more. News feed has not been updated since 2014. (State University of NY). [NOTE: Most of these resources are freely available; however, some are available only to the University at Albany community.]

Free Online Dictionary of Computing - 'A searchable dictionary of acronyms, jargon, programming languages, tools, architecture, operating systems, networking, theory, conventions, standards, mathematics, telecoms, electronics, institutions, companies, projects, products, history, in fact anything to do with computing.' (Editor: Denis Howe, Imperial College, UK; site includes advertisements) [NOTE: Each dictionary entry includes the date it was last revised. Some definitions have been updated as recently as 2015, while others have not been updated since the 1990s.]

Pew Research Internet Project - Studies on the impact of the internet on families, communities, work and home, daily life, education, health care, and civic and political life. High school and up. (Pew Charitable Trusts)

KidInfo: Computers - Selected links to help with your MacIntosh/Apple or IBM PC, plus other recommended computer sites; for middle school students. (By Linda Guterba, a middle school computer teacher; personal / site includes advertisements)

Useful Websites: Computers & Technology - Our selection of the best websites on computers, the internet, software, security, and home electronics. (South Plainfield Public Library)

How to Use Hardware and Software

Universal ClassUNIVERSAL CLASS - Free online non-credit courses in computer skills and related subjects. Topics include Adobe Photoshop, digital photography, Dreamweaver, Microsoft Office programs, PC troubleshooting & repair, Windows 7, and more. Courses are accessible 24/7 via the Internet. You will have up to 6 months to finish each course, and each course has a real instructor you can communicate with by email! To sign up for classes, you'll need to register on the site and choose a username & password for your account. (From Recorded Books; site includes advertisements)

For many additional computer tutorials and how-to sites, see our
Useful Websites: COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY page.

Coding, Programming, and other Computer Science topics - See Code.org: Learn Code and Computational Fairy Tales, above.

Computer Basics - 'Do you wonder what people mean when they say the Cloud, Windows, Blackberry, Lion, etc.? Perhaps you would just like to know more about how computers work? Computer Basics has all the basic concepts covered.' The same site offers many additional Computer Tutorials, including Internet & eMail Basics, Social Media, Windows, Apple/Mac, Linux, Microsoft Office, and more. (GCFLearnFree.org, Goodwill Community Foundation, Inc.)

Digital Media Tutorials - Online tutorials in reporting, video, audio, photography, web development, mashups, social media and more. (2014, University of California).

Keyboarding Games for Kids INTERACTIVE - It's easier to use a computer if you know how to type. This site has free typing games and lessons to build your typing skills; for grades K-8. Site may be slow to load (Learning Games for Kids, sponsored by Time4Learning, an online home education program; site includes advertisements). For young kids, see also Dance Mat Typing (British Broadcasting Corporation). High school students, try Typing Lessons INTERACTIVE (by Peter Hudson, a Web developer and teacher; site includes advertisements) or Typing.com NEW! INTERACTIVE (Teaching.com; site includes advertisements).

Programming, Coding, and other Computer Science topics - See Code.org: Learn Code and Computational Fairy Tales, above.

How to Use the Web

For many additional computer tutorials and how-to sites, see our
Useful Websites: COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY page.

Evaluating Websites [Link opens a PDF] - How do you know if the information you see on a website is true and up-to-date? This page provides some basic tips on how to find out (Multnomah County Library). For an in-depth tutorial, see Evaluating Web Pages (Ohio State University Libraries). See also What's Wrong with Wikipedia? (Harvard University). Wikiality is a lesson plan focused on evaluating Wikipedia (2007, FactCheckED; Annenberg Public Policy Center, University of Pennsylvania).

Facebook - See Social Networking Privacy: How to be Safe, Secure and Social, below.

Jo Cool or Jo Fool? INTERACTIVE - 'Think you know about the Web? Here's your chance to prove it! Take a CyberTour with Josie and Joseph Cool, as they visit their twelve favorite Web sites, and decide whether or not they're making smart choices.' For middle school students. The Three CyberPigs INTERACTIVE teaches younger kids (ages 8-10) how to spot online marketing strategies, protect personal information and avoid online predators. For more online computer games that introduce key ideas in media and digital literacy, see Media Smarts Educational Games. (Media Awareness Network)

NetSmartz Kids NetSmartz 'Tweens, & NetSmartz Teens VIDEO INTERACTIVE - Videos, games, activity cards, and presentations that help you learn how to be safer online and offline (National Center for Missing & Exploited Children®). See Computers and Technology: Protecting Yourself & Your Family for links to many additional resources. Stop Cyberbullying explains what Cyberbulling is and what you can do to stop it; includes a Guide to Correct Online Etiquette (Netiquette) (Parry Aftab, Executive director, WiredSafety.org).

Password Tips & Tricks NEW! - Explains the whys and hows of creating strong passwords to protect your e-mail and other computer accounts and keep your private information secure (2015, Federal Trade Commissions). See also How to create a strong password (and remember it) (2011, Consumer Reports).

Social Networking Privacy: How to be Safe, Secure and Social UPDATED LINK! - Information about the advantages and disadvantages of using social networks, what kind of information may be safe to post and how to protect it, as well as who is able to access different types of information posted to these networks. For high school and up (2016, Privacy Rights Clearinghouse). See also Share with Care VIDEO and Sharing Information: A Day in Your Life VIDEO; for all ages (OnGuardOnline.gov, Federal Trade Commission et al.).

Virtual Training Suite - A set of free tutorials to help college students develop Internet research skills for specific academic subjects. (Intute, an academic consortium of several UK universities)

Wikipedia - See Evaluating Websites, above.

Search Engines & Web Directories

These South Plainfield Public Library web directories have links to great sites for kids and teens:
HOMEWORK LINKS, KIDSTUFF: Homework Help & KIDSTUFF: Fun Stuff, and TEEN ZONE

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