FACTS ON FILE WORLD GEOGRAPHY AND CULTURE ONLINE is no longer available.
America by the Numbers VIDEO - Companion site to the PBS documentary series which examines the dramatic demographic shifts currently taking place in the U.S. It reveals 'the human face of the biggest population change in U.S. history... using infographics, statistical analysis, in-depth reporting, and compelling storytelling.' You can watch full video episodes online. (2016, Futuro Media Group)
Census Briefs UPDATED LINK! - Reports from the 2010 U.S. Census (titled 2010 Census Briefs) on various population groups, including American Indian & Alaska Native, Asian, Black, White, Hispanic, Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander, and Older Americans, plus related information. Reports are in PDF, about 20 pages each. This page also provides links to publications from previous censuses back to 1790, plus special reports. High school and up. (US Census Bureau)
Diversity in Congress - Briefly summarizes the history of African-Americans in Congress, Hispanic Americans in Congress, and Women in Congress, with links to related material. Use the left-hand menu to choose a topic; high school and up. (Office of the Clerk, U.S. Capitol)
Diversity in New Jersey History - A collection of articles on the diversity of people, places, products and talents that have contributed to New Jersey over the past 350 years. (Crossroads of the American Revolution National Heritage Area and New Jersey Historical Commission.)
EdSitement - Offers a variety of heritage learning materials for students and teachers, on Asian-Pacific Heritage Month, Hispanic Heritage Month Heritage, Jewish-American Heritage Month, Native American Heritage Month, and Women's History Month (National Endowment for the Humanities).
Ellis Island - Explores the history of the first Federal immigration station at Ellis Island. Statue of Liberty includes a short article about the statue's history, with pictures, statue facts, and more. (Statue of Liberty - Ellis Island Foundation)
Eugenics Archive (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory) NEW! - Eugenics was widely promoted in the early decades of the 20th century as a way to 'breed better human beings by encouraging the reproduction of people with ''good'' genes and discouraging those with ''bad'' genes... Elements of the American eugenics movement were models for the Nazis, whose radical adaptation of eugenics culminated in the Holocaust.' Proponents of eugenics targeted various racial and ethnic groups, as well as people with disabilities. This site offers essays & virtual exhibits, with unfiltered access to reports, articles, charts, and pedigrees that were considered scientific ''facts'' in their day. See also Eugenics Exhibit (Museum of Disability History).
Explaining Diversity [Archived page] - Different groups have different ways of responding to the common concerns of life: finding food and shelter, building relationships, defining ourselves, coming of age, forming communities, traveling from place to place-and many others. This site explores how the forces of environment, history, and creativity shape the varieties of human culture. (2007, Field Museum, Chicago)
Facing History and Ourselves AUDIO VIDEO [NOTE: Free registration required for full access to all materials.] - A large collection of learning resources, including lessons, readings, media, and timelines, related to racism and prejudice. Covers topics such as Antisemitism & Religious Intolerance, Bullying & Ostracism, Genocide & Mass Violence, Global Immigration, Justice & Human Rights, and Race in US History. Click on a topic, then use the drop-downs to browse that topic by academic subject or resource type. High school and up. (Non-profit organization)
Folk Streams VIDEO - Independent films and videos depicting a wide range of American folk, traditional, regional and vernacular culture from traditional fiddle music to 'Steppin' and hip-hop. Includes folk life, folkways, folklore and documentary films, with extensive background materials. You can browse films by subject or by region UPDATED LINK!. High school and up. (Non-profit site)
Food & Culture links - Selected links on the meaning of food, food history, production, & uses of foods, and more.
Heritage Resources - Online resources for teachers and students on Black History, Women's History, Asian Pacific Americans, Hispanic Heritage, and American Indian Heritage (Smithsonian). Celebrate Cultural Heritage Months is a related site (Smithsonian).
Immigrant Experience - Selected links to immigration history websites. (South Plainfield Public Library)
It's International! VIDEO - An online magazine offering articles by international students on ethnic customs & traditions, food, games, holidays, clothing, and more. (Topics: An Online Magazine for Learners of English)
Multicultural Literature in the United States Today [Link opens a PDF] - Distinguished American writers from various ethnic backgrounds offer tales of their native lands and their experiences as Americans. Stories can be read on the website, or downloaded as a PDF file for printing (2009, U.S. Department of State). See also About America: Diversity (2016, U.S. Department of State).
National Parks Cultural Heritage Sites - Information about many places of significance in African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, European, Hispanic, and Pacific Islander heritage. The web page for each place features an essay explaining the cultural & historic significance of that place. (U.S. National Park Service)
Peace Corps - See Peace Corps Stories.
Records of Rights - A collection of primary documents with explanatory text, exploring the ongoing struggle of African Americans, immigrants, and women to define, attain, and protect their rights. High school and up. (U.S. National Archives)
Refugee Backgrounders - Online publications about the cultural background of refugee populations, including topics such as history, geography, economy, social structure, gender roles, language, education and religion. See Refugee Populations VIDEO for additional resources. The Resource Library also offers videos and lesson plans. High school and up. (1993 - 2014, Cultural Orientation Resource Center)
Understanding Prejudice VIDEO - 'Educational resources and information on prejudice, discrimination, multiculturalism, and diversity, with the ultimate goal of reducing the level of intolerance and bias in contemporary society.' Includes booklists, articles, interactive quizzes, and links. High school and up. (2002 - 2017, by Professor Scott Plous of Wesleyan University et al.; funded by National Science Foundation and McGraw-Hill Higher Education.)
Understanding Race VIDEO INTERACTIVE - Explains differences among people and reveals the reality - and unreality - of race, through the eyes of history, science and lived experience; includes a separate page for kids aged 10 - 13. (2007 - 2015, American Anthropological Association)
FACTS ON FILE AFRICAN-AMERICAN HISTORY is no longer available.
101 African American Firsts - A list of the first African Americans in a variety of areas of achievement in government, law, diplomacy, the military, science & medicine, sports, literature, and other fields. Each name is linked to a short biography and image. (2014, BlackPast.org; Dr. Quintard Taylor, Professor at University of Washington, et al.)
African Arts Playtime Activities INTERACTIVE [NOTE: Radio link and right-hand menu links are broken.] - An assortment of fun activities related to African arts. Click here for Radio Africa. Age level varies. There are also classroom & teacher resources (Smithsonian). See also African Art and African Music & Dance links.
African Voices AUDIO [Archived site] - 'Examines the diversity, dynamism, and global influence of Africa's peoples and cultures over time in the realms of family, work, community, and the natural environment.' High school and up. (Smithsonian)
Basic Black UPDATED LINK! AUDIO VIDEO - Online audio and video podcasts of a weekly television series reflecting on the concerns and culture of African Americans through short documentaries, performances and one-on-one conversations (WGBH). American Black Journal VIDEO first went on the air in 1968 during a time of social and racial turmoil. The archived video programs represent a wide variety of African-American viewpoints on issues ranging from labor unrest in the automobile industry, to the urban civil disturbances in Detroit and across the nation riots of 1967, the emergence of outspoken African American political leaders, and the explosion of Motown music; includes interviews, discussions, features, and artistic performances. You can browse by theme or guest (Detroit Public Television and Michigan State University).
Black History Month Lessons & Resources - Links to lesson plans, activities, background materials, quizzes, printables, and audio/video resources for grades K-5, 6-8, and 9-12. (2016, National Education Association)
Black Leadership - See Black Leadership and related links on our Government page.
Al-Bab: An Open Door to the Arab World - Articles, blog, and links relating to all aspects of the Arab world, as well as individual Arab countries. (By British journalist/author Brian Whitaker; site includes advertisements)
American Muslims FAQ - Online publication that aims to 'provide the public with accurate answers to understandable questions. The resource reflects widely-shared views among American Muslims on important topics such as sharia, jihad, the role of mosques and the relationship between religious and civil legal codes.' (2012 - 2014, Interfaith Alliance and The First Amendment Center)
Bridging Cultures: Muslim Journeys AUDIO VIDEO - Essays, book recommendations, and other resources representing diverse perspectives on the people, places, histories, beliefs, practices, and cultures of Muslims in the United States and around the world. (2012, National Endowment for the Humanities et al.)
Muslim Heritage VIDEO - Articles on various aspects of Muslim heritage, including science, environment, culture, people, books, and more. High school and up. (Foundation for Science Technology and Civilisation, UK)
Muslim Veils - Illustrations and descriptions of the different types of veils worn by Muslim women, including the hijab, burka, chador, and others. (BBC)
Muslims - An overview of the beliefs & daily lives of Muslims, plus a glossary and Islam timeline. (2002, PBS Frontline)
Reclaiming Identity: Dismantling Arab Stereotypes - 'This online exhibit dismantles stereotypes by tracing their origins and impacts, while offering a more realistic portrait of Arab and Arab American identities.' (Arab American National Museum; an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution)
Science in Islam - 'The spread of Islam stimulated the development of a wide range of science and technology founded upon a legacy from the ancient world.' This site explores the achievements of Islamic science. (Museum of History of Science, University of Oxford, UK)
For links on Buddhism, Hinduism, and Shinto
see: Religion - General / Other
For links on Islam
see: Arab, Arab-American & Muslim
Asian Pacific American Heritage Month - Links to selected resources that will help you 'find out how and why we celebrate the month, who are some of the most noted Asian Pacific Americans, why these people migrated to the U.S., and contributions Asian Pacific Americans have made to our country. Includes lesson plans and various teaching resources.' For grades 6 - 8 (2013, University of Missouri).
Asia for Kids - Asia-related arts, stories, activities and more, for elementary & middle school students. Teachers and more advanced students, see Lesson Plans and Curriculum Resources. (Asia Society; non-profit organization)
Asian Nation - Asian-American culture, history, and current issues. 'You can almost think of Asian-Nation as an online version of 'Asian Americans 101'.' High school and up. (By Dr. C.N. Le, Professor at University of Massachusetts)
India at a Glance - A brief overview of the land, life, & culture of India, with links to more information on many topics; high school and up (1998 - 2014; by Vinay Lal, Associate Professor at UCLA). See also eThemes: India for links to more websites about India's history, geography, language, culture, animals, and art, for grades 1 - 12 (2014, University of Missouri).
Pakistan: Arts & Culture AUDIO VIDEO - Explores the nation, the land, the people, the arts, and the culture & daily life of Pakistan. High school and up. (Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts)
Catholic Encyclopedia - Online edition of the original Catholic Encyclopedia (ca. 1910), with articles arranged A to Z; also searchable by keyword. (Site includes advertisements)
Christian Classics Ethereal Library - An extensive library of 'Christian Classics' currently in the public domain, including Bibles and Commentaries, Catechisms, Liturgies, Fiction, History, Hymns and Hymnology, Sermons, and Reference works. You can search by keyword(s) or browse by author, title, or subject. Texts are available in a variety of digital formats. High school and up. (Calvin College; site includes advertisements)
Blindness FAQs - Answers to common questions about blindness, including 'What is Braille?' 'What causes blindness?' 'How does it feel to be blind?' and 'Should I help a blind person to cross the street?' as well as explaining how blind people perform everyday tasks such as shopping and cooking. All ages (National Federation of the Blind). To learn more about Braille, see The Braille Bug; for grades 3 through 6 (American Foundation for the Blind).
Books about People with Disabilities: Schneider Family Book Award - This award is given 'to honor an author or illustrator for a book that embodies an artistic expression of the disability experience for child and adolescent audiences.' The web page lists & describes all the winning books from 2004 - present. Also links to a 2009 list of children's books about the disability experience. (2018, American Library Association)
Deaf Is... - Answers common questions related to deafness; for grades 4 - 8 (2015; by students and staff of American School for the Deaf in West Hartford, Connecticut). Info to Go offers a wide range of information & resources about deaf and hard of hearing children; high school and up. (Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center)Eugenics - See Eugenics Archive, above.
Friends with disabilities - Thirteen helpful hints on how to treat a person with a disability. See also Disability Etiquette (Easter Seals) and Disability Basics: Etiquette (National Center on Workforce and Disability). For etiquette advice specific to different types of disabilities, see Disability Etiquette: Tips On Interacting With People With Disabilities [Link opens a PDF] (United Spinal Association).
Myths and Facts About People with Disabilities - Corrects common misinformation and misunderstandings about what it's like to live with a disability. (Easter Seals)
Kids' Quest - Answers to common questions about kids with disabilities. (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services)
Museum of Disability History - Online exhibits 'dedicated to advancing the understanding, acceptance and independence of people with disabilities.' Includes illustrated presentations on the history of disability in Media, in Medicine, in Society, in Education, and more; with timelines (People Inc. & the B. Thomas Golisano Foundation). See also A History of Disability: from 1050 to the Present Day (Historic England). Nineteenth-Century Disability: Cultures and Contexts is a collection of primary texts and images about physical and cognitive disability in the nineteenth century (Karen Bourrier, Christopher Keep, et al.). All for high school and up.
Eastern Europe: The Calvert Journal - 'An online magazine dedicated to exploring the culture and creativity of the New East: eastern Europe, the Balkans, Russia and Central Asia.' High school and up. (Calvert 22 Foundation; UK non-profit organization)
Irish American Hall of Fame - A history of the Irish in America and their contributions to American society and culture, from the time of the Revolutionary War through the present era. Hover over 'Our Story' to navigate to a specific topic. Click on 'Hall of Fame Honorees' for bios of famous Irish-Americans. (Non-profit organization)
Italian Americans - A timeline which 'strives to capture the richness of the Italian American experience and to highlight the many valuable contributions this special group has made to the United States' (National Italian American Foundation; site includes advertisements) and Italian Heritage (UNICO National, an Italian American service organization).
German Americans - An online booklet reviewing the immigration of Germans to America and exploring German-American identity (University of Wisconsin).
Polish American Heritage - Materials on Polish history & culture (Polish American Cultural Center Museum). For additional Polish-American resources, see Polish Organizations (Kosciuszko Foundation, American Center for Polish culture).
Latin American History
American Latino Heritage - Essays on American Latino Heritage, with links to the National Park Service's American Latino Heritage sites. Pages for these historic sites explain their significance and their stories, and include photographs and other illustrations. American Latinos and the Making of the United States provides essays on specific aspects of the American Latino experience such as arts, business, education, food, labor, law, religion, science, sports, and more. (National Park Service)
Arts of Latin America AUDIO VIDEO - 'Travel through the diverse cultures of Latin America, as represented by artists from Ecuador, Cuba, Bolivia, El Salvador, Venezuela, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Texas and California. Enjoy art rich in both tradition and innovation.' Includes video, audio, and lesson plans (Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts). See also Latino Voices in American Art VIDEO and Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art (Smithsonian Institution).
Hispanic Heritage Teacher Resources INTERACTIVE - Lesson plans, book lists, crafts, and biographies on Hispanic history, art, and music. Separate sections for grades PreK-K, 1-2, 3-5, and 6-8. See also Research Starters to help you with your homework paper. Middle school and up; expect some broken links. (Scholastic Publishing; site includes advertisements)
Latin American Culture - Links to selected resources about the culture & life of the people of Latin America and Latin Americans in the United States. (2014, University of Missouri)
VOCES VIDEO - An oral history project highlighting the contributions of U.S. Latinos and Latinas of the WWII, Korean War and Vietnam War generations. Most of the stories feature military veterans, but the broader Latino civilian experience of men and women alike is also documented. (University of Texas)
See Arab, Arab-American & Muslim section, above.
Jewish-Americans VIDEO - Explores Jewish American history from the first Jews to arrive in New Amsterdam in 1654, to Jewish life in modern America. Includes special topics such as anti-semitism, responses to the Holocaust, Jews in sports and the arts, and more. With video clips (PBS et al; site includes advertisements). See also Jewish American Heritage Month (Library of Congress et al.).
Jewish Encyclopedia - 'The complete contents of the 12-volume Jewish Encyclopedia... over 15,000 articles and illustrations.' Originally published between 1901-1906, so it does not cover significant events in modern Jewish History - e.g., the Holocaust, the creation of Israel, etc. (Site includes advertisements)
Only in America - Brief profiles of Jewish Americans who have made important contributions to American life and history, in Arts & Entertainment, Business & Philanthropy, Literature, Politics, Law, & Activism, Religion & Thought, Science & Medicine, and Sports. (National Museum of American Jewish History, Philadelphia)
Atheism (BBC Religion) [Archived page] - An overview of atheism, with information on different types of atheism, beliefs, history, proponents, and rites & rituals.
BBC Religions of the World Guide [Archived page] - Explores 16 world religions, including Ba'hai, Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, Rastafari, Paganism, Taoism, Shinto, and Sikhism, as well as atheism. Provides an overview of each religion, plus more detailed information about beliefs, history, customs & practices, holy days & festivals, ethics, texts, and other topics; high school and up. (British Broadcasting Corporation)
Budddhism: A Five-Minute Introduction - Brief answers to common questions about Buddhism (BuddhaNet, non-profit organisation affiliated with the Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc). See also Following the Buddha's Footsteps (by Professor Ron Epstein, Intitute for World Religions in Berkeley, California).
Hinduism for Schools - Explains the beliefs and practices of Hindus; separate sections for elementary and secondary school students. (Vivekananda Centre of London). See Hinduism Essentials for high school and up. Now includes Q & A (Hindu American Foundation).
Religious Oppression Around the World - An overview of religious restrictions and hostilities, imposed by both governments and societies at large, among the world's most populous countries. High school and up. (2016, Pew Research Center)
Shinto: What is Shinto? - A short overview of the beliefs and practices of Japan's indigenous Shinto religion. (International Shinto Foundation)
FACTS ON FILE AMERICAN WOMEN'S HISTORY is no longer available.
Click! The Ongoing Feminist Revolution VIDEO - 'An online exhibit about the history of feminism, Click! covers feminist history and the feminist movement, the women's rights movement and history of women's rights.' (Clio Visualizing History, a non-profit education organization)
Women's History Links - Selected links to women's history websites. (South Plainfield Public Library)
Women's History Month - Links to selected resources that will help you 'find out how and why we celebrate the month, who are some of the most noted Asian Pacific Americans, why these people migrated to the U.S., and contributions Asian Pacific Americans have made to our country. Includes lesson plans and various teaching resources.' For grades 3 - 12. There is a related page of links on the Women's Rights Movement for grades 4 - 6. These pages were last updated in 2013; expect some broken links. (University of Missouri)