Native American Indigenous / Native Peoples See also:

EBSCO Explora
Facts on File: American Indian History

New Jersey Tribes / Native Peoples

Facts on File: American Indian HistoryFACTS ON FILE: AMERICAN INDIAN HISTORY - Online resources covering more than 15,000 years of Native North American culture, history, and heritage. Browse the biographies, events & topics, primary sources, timelines, images, or maps & charts; or view learning centers arranged by time period or North American culture area; you'll find information about the LENNI LENAPE in the Northeast section of the North American culture area. If you're logging on at home, you'll need to enter your name, library card barcode number, and PIN to get started.

Lenni Lenape / Delaware Tribe - Official tribal website. Includes a brief history of the tribe.

Lenni Lenape History - History of the Lenni Lenape tribe in the Ramapo Mountains. (Wanaque Public Library)

Manhatta to Manhattan: Native Americans in Lower Manhattan [Link opens a PDF] - Describes the Lenape tribe of what is now Lower Manhattan: how they lived, their interactions with Europeans, and the lasting impressions they left on the area. (Smithsonian)

Nanticoke Lenni Lenape - Tribal homepage of the Nanticoke Lenni Lenape of New Jersey, includes a brief history of the tribe and a related Museum and Learning Center website.

Powhatan Tribe of NJ - The official web page of the the Powhatan Renape nation, formerly located at the Rankokus Indian Reservation in Westampton Township, Burlington County, New Jersey. Includes information on Powhatan history, corn, face-painting, and Pocohontas.

Other Tribes / Native Peoples of the Americas

See also:

Facts on File: American Indian HistoryFACTS ON FILE: AMERICAN INDIAN HISTORY - Online resources covering more than 15,000 years of Native North American culture, history, and heritage. Browse the biographies, events & topics, primary sources, timelines, images, or maps & charts; or view learning centers arranged by time period or North American culture area; you'll find information about the LENNI LENAPE in the Northeast section of the North American culture area. If you're logging on at home, you'll need to enter your name, library card barcode number, and PIN to get started.

American Indian Archery Technology (Ancient Technology Series) - Explores prehistoric methods of making and using bows & arrows, as well as the production of bone tools, ground stone tools, flintknapping, and prehistoric pottery (2011, University of Iowa). Native Tech examines many aspects of traditional Native American life, including Beads & Beadwork, Birds & Feathers, Clay & Pottery, Leather & Clothes, Stonework & Tools. Also offers a poems and stories, and a large collection of Native American recipes (by Tara Prindle; site includes advertisements). Middle school and up.

American Indian Museum - Explore current and past exhibitions which examine different aspects of Native American history and culture. Online exhibits include art, ranching & rodeo, reservation life, the Maya, American Indian Responses to Environmental Challenges, and more. Native Knowlege 360° UPDATED LINK! provides a variety of learning materials (digital lessons, teacher guides, websites and more) offering new perspectives on Native American history and cultures. (Smithsonian Institution)

Ancient Observatories - Explores the history, culture, and astronomical knowledge of the native peoples of Chaco Canyon, Arizona. Middle school and up. (Exploratorium)

Canadian Aboriginal Heritage - Resources for exploring the contributions of Aboriginal peoples - First Nations, Métis and Inuit - to Canada's political, social, economic and cultural development (Government of Canada). North American Aboriginal Peoples: Inuit, Innu, Beothuks, Micmac and Metis provides extensive information about the history and culture of several peoples native to Canada (1997, Ralph T. Pastore, Memorial University of Newfoundland). For more on these and other native Canadian peoples, see Aboriginal Canada Kids' Page (Government of Canada) and First Peoples of Canada UPDATED LINK! (2005 - 2010, Canadian Museum of History). See also Aboriginal Canadians: A Brief History; use the 'IN DEPTH' menu to choose additional topics (2005, CBC News; site includes advertisments).

Cherokee Removal - Describes the removal of the Cherokee Nation from its ancestral home to land set aside for American Indians in what is now Oklahoma. Some 100,000 American Indians were forced to move, and thousands died on the long journey (2004, Georgia Humanities Council et al.). See also The Trail of Tears (2010, National Park Service). Middle school and up.

Indian Converts - 'This website contains study guides with information about life on Martha's Vineyard for both Wampanoags and white settlers as well as an accompanying online archive with over 600 images and documents.' High school and up. (2008, Reed College and Laura Arnold Leibman)

Indians of the Midwest VIDEO - Examines the cultures & histories of Indian peoples in the Midwest to explore the ways in which modern-day issues have roots in regional history & culture. High school and up. (2011, Newberry Library, Chicago)

Infinity of Nations - Photos and descriptions of objects of cultural, historical, and aesthetic importance to Native peoples of the Americas, from their earliest history to the present day. Organized geographically, with sections on Patagonia, Andes, Amazon, Mesoamerica / Caribbean, Southwest U.S., Plains / Plateau, Woodlands, California / Great Basin, Northwest Coast, and Arctic / Subarctic, as well as Contemporary Art. Includes an historical overview for each tribal group. (National Museum of the American Indian )

Maya Ball [Link opens a PDF] - 'The ancient Greeks may have had their Olympics, and the Romans their gladiators, but when it comes to team sports, nobody beat the Maya...' This colorful printable lesson explores the origins of team sports in early Mayan culture. For middle school students. (Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania)

Native American Booklist - 'A recommended reading list that includes titles ranging from such pre-K classics as Mama, Do You Love Me, to Tony Hillerman's Joe Leaphorn series that has been thrilling young (and older) adults for more than a decade.' Titles are listed by grade level and include fiction, non-fiction and poetry; K - 12. (2004, National Education Association). Native American Authors [NOTE: Archived page] offers brief biographies, book lists, and (in some cases) links to more information on a large number of Native American authors; you can browse by author, title, or tribe. If you browse by tribe, you will also find links to additional information on each tribe (2010, Internet Public Library). To find more books (fiction & non-fiction) about Native Americans, see NoveList: Indians of North America [Login required]; you can refine this list by age group, genre, time period, and more.

Native American Citizenship UPDATED LINK! - It was not until well into the 20th century that a large group of native-born people were given U.S. citizenship. This site explains more about the history of U.S. policy toward Native Americans; includes a timeline. Middle school and up (Nebraska Department of Education et al).

Native American Heritage NEW! AUDIO VIDEO - A collection of videos and other resources exploring different aspects of Native American culture and history. (, South Carolina ETV Commission)

Native American Home Pages: National Congress of American Indians - An up-to-date Tribal Directory; includes sections on Associate Organizations, Tribal Organizations, and Alaska Native Corporations. See also U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs Tribal Directory.

Native Americans and the U.S. Military - An overview of Native American participation in American armed forces, plus Contributions of American Indians to the U.S. Navy (U.S. Navy). See also U.S. History: Veterans Stories. Native Words, Native Warriors AUDIO describes the American Indian Code Talkers who joined the United States armed forces during World War II and used their traditional tribal languages to develop secret battle communications for sending important messages in combat (2007, Smithsonian); see also Navajo Code Talkers (U.S. Navy).

Native Peoples: Health & Illness VIDEO - 'Explores the interconnectedness of wellness, illness, and cultural life for Native Americans, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians, [and shows] how Native concepts of health and illness are closely tied to the concepts of community, spirit, and the land.' Includes a timeline highlighting key events & themes from antiquity to today, plus interviews with health professionals, community leaders, traditional healers, and others working to improve the health of Native peoples. (U.S. National Library of Medicine)

North American Indian: Photographic Images - Edward S. Curtis's photographs of Native Americans, first published in the early 20th century. Arranged by location / tribe. (Northwestern University)

Orinoco - History and culture of twelve distinct indigenous groups found in the remote Orinoco region in Southern Venezuela, including the Baniwa, Warekena, and Yanomami peoples. (Fundación Cisneros)

Solar Astronomy in the Prehistoric Southwest - The Sun was especially an object of central importance to the prehistoric Native American civilizations. There is evidence that they carefully watched the movements of the Sun along the horizon and observed the play of light through windows and portholes at crucial times of the year. This site explores the astronomical knowledge and practices of the ancient peoples of the American Southwest. (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, a nonprofit academic consortium)

Surrounded by Beauty: Arts of Native America [NOTE: Archived page; image zoom feature and some internal links are broken.] - 'There is no equivalent in the many Native American languages for the word art. Yet the objects here suggest that Native Americans are a highly spiritual people who create objects of extraordinary beauty.' This Web site presents images of Native American objects with explanatory text. Middle school and up (2001, Minneapolis Institute of Arts). See also Beauty Surrounds Us and Identity by Design; middle school and up (2007, Smithsonian Institution).

Unearthing Tse-whit-zen INTERACTIVE - The remains of this large village of the Klallam people were discovered in 2003. The website describes what was found there, and provides an interactive tour of the village showing how the people lived (2005, Seattle Times). See also Listening to our Ancestors: Native Life Along the North Pacific Coast (Smithsonian Institution).

Native Peoples of Other Continents

See also:

African Peoples - Overviews of more than 100 native tribes and peoples of Africa, covering art, history, politics, religion, and more (now part of the Art & Life in Africa website; Christopher D. Roy et al., University of Iowa). See also African History links.

Archaeology Channel AUDIO VIDEO - Dozens of online videos and related resources on the human cultural heritage of indigenous peoples and past civilizations from around the world. Use the search box to find videos on specific places or cultures. (Archaeological Legacy Institute, Eugene OR)

Arctic Studies Center AUDIO VIDEO - Explores the history of northern peoples, cultures, and environments, and the issues that matter to northern residents today. (2002 - 2013, Smithsonian Institution)

Australia: Indigenous Australia - Explores Indigenous Australian history and culture, including beliefs & practices, family, social issues and more (2009, Australian Museum). See also Australia: Aboriginal Art & Culture (2017, Aboriginal Australia Art And Culture Centre).

Grass Roots: African Origins of an American Art - 'Humble but beautifully crafted coiled baskets have been made in Africa for millennia and by Africans in the American South for as long as they have been on these shores.' This site explores the history and culture of basket-making by indigenous Africans, and by African slaves in America. (Museum for African Art et al. / Smithsonian Institution)

Indigenous Cultural Survival - Online publication offering articles about indigenous (native) peoples around the world, and issues which affect them. High school and up; free registration required for full access to all articles. (By a non-profit international indigenous rights organization)

Masks in Native Cultures [Link opens a PDF] - 'People from cultures all over the world have been using masks in celebrations, religious rituals, and just for fun for centuries.' This colorful PDF looks at the uses and meanings of masks in traditional cultures around the world. Includes facts, quizzes, and learning activities. (Penn Museum)

revised 6/18 jd


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