FACTS ON FILE: SCIENCE ONLINE - A comprehensive, curriculum-oriented overview of a broad range of scientific disciplines, with extensive definitions, essays, diagrams, biographies, and experiments, as well as links and suggested searches to related topics. If you're using SCIENCE ONLINE on your home computer, you'll have to enter your name, library card barcode, and PIN to begin.
GREENFILE - A collection of scholarly, government and general-interest titles covering all aspects of human impact to the environment. Includes content on global warming, green building, pollution, sustainable agriculture, renewable energy, recycling, and more. For high school and up. If you're using GREENFILE on your home computer, you'll have to enter your name, library card barcode, and PIN to begin.
Air Quality INTERACTIVE - Animations teach you about ozone and particle pollution, and the 'Smog City' simulation game helps you see how individual choices, environmental factors and land use contribute to air pollution. Includes FAQs and links to more information about ozone, particle pollution, and the Air Quality Index; middle school and up. There is a related site for younger kids INTERACTIVE, from kindergarten through age 10. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
American Indian Responses to Environmental Challenges - Shows how four Native American communities are responding to environmental challenges in their homelands. (2011, National Museum of the American Indian)
Climate Change Links - Selected links on global warming / climate change. (South Plainfield Public Library)
Earth & Environment Classroom Resources - A selection of high quality websites on earth science and environmental science, for teachers and students, K-12; grade level varies for individual resources; expect a few broken links (National Science Foundation).
E-Nature online field guides - Search the online field guides for plants or animals, and find detailed species descriptions and photo. Click on the small photos for an enlarged picture (Shearwater Marketing Group; site includes advertisements).
Encyclopedia of Earth VIDEO - 'An electronic reference about the Earth, its natural environments, and their interaction with society.' Features articles, news, videos, images & other resources, contributed and reviewed by experts. Style is intended to be useful to students, educators, scholars, professionals, and the general public. Also offers a University of California AP Environmental Science Online Course. High school and up. (National Council for Science and the Environment et al.; site includes advertisements)
Encyclopedia of Life - An ongoing project 'to organize and make available via the Internet virtually all information about life present on Earth.' (By a consortium of museums and educational institutions)
Environmental Facts VIDEO - Fact sheets, pictures and videos on a wide range of environmental topics, such as wildlife, energy, climate change, water, rainforests, and sustainability, as well as practical advice on what you can do to help the environment. Separate sections for kids and teens. (Young People's Trust for the Environment, UK)
Environmental Health Science Education - 'Students of all ages, check out the materials and activities this site has to help you understand links between human health and the environment!' Includes booklets, factsheets, interviews, and pamphlets. Most of the homework resources are for high school and up; most of the online activities are for K-8. There is also a related Kids Page with science resources, games, stories, and other fun stuff for K-8. (2002 - 2012, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences)
EPA Student Center VIDEO - Links to resources on a wide range of environmental issues mostly for middle school. Homework help section covers air, climate change, ecosystems, energy, health, water, and recycling. Also includes games & quizzes, community service project ideas, awards & contests, teacher resources and more. See also Learn the Issues. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
Exploring the Environment - These learning materials and activities explore issues involved in solving a variety of real-life environmental problems, including global climate change, disappearing coral reefs, endangered mountain gorillas, Florida panthers, Yellowstone fires, and more. For middle school and high school; each unit is labelled with grade level. (1997 - 2012, Wheeling Jesuit University / NASA)
Extinction AUDIO - This site reviews five past eras in world history when mass extinctions took place, provides information on recently extinct & currently threatened species, and explains why it's so important to protect biodiversity and save endangered species. High school and up. (2011, Endangered Species International, non-profit organization)
Garbology NEW! INTERACTIVE - An interactive online game that teaches about Garbology and answers the question, ''Where should my waste go?'' Also includes resources for teachers, students and families, including lessons & activities on related topics, from how to pack a waste-less lunch to getting the dirt on composting, and a Trash Talk blog for stories of Garbology in practice (NatureBridge; non-profit environmental education organization). Recycle City INTERACTIVE has an online game and other fun activities to help you find out about how people can recycle, reduce, and reuse waste; middle school and up (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency).
Highland Avenue Woods Environmental Education Reserve and Friends of the Woods - See South Plainfield Environmental Commission and related links.
Journey to Planet Earth: Extreme Realities VIDEO - Companion site for the ongoing PBS series that 'dramatizes new ways of looking at the delicate relationship between people and the world they inhabit.' The latest documentary in the series investigates the link between extreme weather, climate change, and threats to our national security; click on 'Program Details' under any program for a summary of findings on that topic. Hosted by Matt Damon; high school and up (2014, Screenscope, Inc.). Click here for related education resources UPDATED LINK! (PBS; site includes advertisements). For more environmental resources, see Climate Change Links.
National Wildlife Foundation: Family Fun - A collection of fun activities for kids of all ages, searchable by age, season, animal, type (craft, outdoor, recipe, song), or subject (camping & hiking, observing wildlife, musical instruments, costumes & masks, science, plants & flowers, etc.). Nature Detectives offers a searchable collection of printable activity sheets to inspire you with outdoor (and some indoor) play ideas for different seasons. Elementary and middle school (Woodland Trust, UK).
Nature VIDEO - Companion to the PBS TV series on natural history. You can view full episodes of NATURE programs and find related online features. (WNET Thirteen; site includes advertisements). Middle school and up.
New Jersey Environmental Digital Library VIDEO - An online library of environmental literature and multimedia related to New Jersey; includes documents and reports, scientific studies, photographs, videos, maps, and more. High school and up. (Rutgers)
Recycling - See Garbology, above.
South Plainfield Environmental Commission and related links - Links to the Commission's Facebook page with updates and news about upcoming events at Highland Woods, as well as other environmental news & events for South Plainfield, plus links to other local environment & nature resources.
Sustainability AUDIO - Radio news stories covering a wide range of current topics in environmental sustainability, including energy, water resources, food production, and climate change. High school and up. (2016, American Public Media; site includes advertisements)
Time for Kids: Environment VIDEO - Short articles on a variety of environmental topics, for elementary & middle school students. (2013, Time Inc.; site includes advertisements)
Waste Disposal - See Garbology, above.
Web Rangers Nature Activities INTERACTIVE - Learn about having fun and staying safe outdoors. Also includes features on dinosaurs, tree rings, bald eagles, and more. For elementary school through high school (National Park Service). [NOTE: Cookies must be enabled to use this site.]
Your Big Backyard is now part of National Wildlife Foundation: Family Fun, above.
BeachKids UPDATED LINK! [ARCHIVED SITE] - Explains what a beach is, what kinds of pollution threatens beaches, and what you can do to help protect them. Also includes safety tips, games, and links. Middle school. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
Beyond Penguins & Polar Bears UPDATED LINK! - Stories that explore the environment of the polar regions; for grades K-5 (Ohio State University et al.).
Biomes and Ecosystems - Detailed material on biomes and freshwater & marine ecosystems; for middle school and up. Click on a biome or ecosystem, then use the menu at the left to get more information. Click on a picture for an enlarged view (Missouri Botanical Garden). Enchanted Learning Biomes / Habitats provides brief information for upper elementary and middle school students, with descriptions, pictures, and printouts of the animals that live in the biomes (site includes advertisements). The World's Biomes describes the major biomes, their importance, and how they are being threatened by human activity. Photos included; high school and up (University of California). World Wildlife Habitats briefly describes a variety of habitats such as grasslands, islands, forests, wetlands, deserts, mountains, & polar regions, and some of the wildlife each one supports; middle school and up (World Wildlife Fund).
The Dirt on Soil - Every plant and animal depends on this vast hidden ecosystem. On this site you can 'Dig into this underground universe and meet its tiny but helpful residents.' Middle school and up. (2001, DiscoverySchool.com / Eduweb; site includes advertisements). Soil Basics offers a brief overview about soil; click on 'Soils by Subject' to find out about soil formation, biology, chemistry, mineralogy, and more; or select other subjects from the top menu bar. High school and up (2012 - 2013, Soil Science Society of America). See also Dig It! The Secrets of Soil VIDEO INTERACTIVE for middle school and up (2004, Smithsonian), and Adventures of Herman the Worm, below, for younger kids.
Ocean: The Basics - 'Outline of an introductory course in Oceanography... with material for complementing existing courses.' Covers beaches, coral reefs & atolls, the Gulf Stream, deep sea, global warming & the ocean, ocean creatures, and more; chapters are in PDF format. For advanced middle school students / high school and up (2007, Dr. Wolf Berger, Professor of Oceanography, University of California). Marine Life includes education resources on Aquatic Food Webs, Coral Ecosystems, Life in an Estuary, Marine Mammals, and Sea Turtles (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). Ocean Topics offers up-to-date articles on climate change, coastal science, ocean life, marine pollution, polar research, and other subjects (2013, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution).
Rainforest Resources - Pictures, stories, facts, fun projects, and other resources on rainforest plants and animals; age level varies (Rainforest Alliance).
Rivers [NOTE: Audio was not playing when checked 3/16.] - Learn all about the basics of rivers, how they are formed, and how they change over time. For elementary and middle school students. (University of Illinois Extension)
Tides and Water Levels - Explains what tides are, what causes them, tidal frequencies, variations & cycles, measurements & monitoring, and more. High school and up. (2008, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
Water Cycle for Kids INTERACTIVE - An interactive diagram showing how water is cycled through our environment; choose beginner, intermediate, or advanced version, and click on a label to explore any phase of the cycle. See also The Water Cycle for high school and up (2015, U.S. Geological Survey). Thirstin's Water Cycle INTERACTIVE is an animated interactive lesson on the water cycle; for elementary school students (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). For information on many aspects of water, along with pictures, data, maps, and activities, see Water Science School; age level varies (U.S. Geological Survey). What Is a Watershed? explains watershed basics, including the water cycle, groundwater, stormwater, conservation and more (Borough of South Plainfield and New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection).
Dogs: Wolf, Myth, Hero & Friend UPDATED LINK! [Link opens a PDF] - This teachers' guide explores domestic dogs and their wild cousins, plus glossary, activities, and recommended reading; most of the links are broken. (2004, San Diego Natural History Museum)
The Horse VIDEO INTERACTIVE - Online exhibit exploring the history and biology of horses, and the relationship between horses and humans. (2009, American Museum of Natural History)
Pet Care: ASPCA - Advice on caring for common household pets, including dogs, cats, horses, and small pets such as birds, rabbits, guinea pigs and gerbils. (American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals)
Working Dogs - Describes different kinds of working dogs, including chemical explosive dogs, narcotic detection dogs, search & rescue dogs, and service & therapy dogs. Click on an item in the picture to choose a topic (Federal Bureau of Investigation). See also CIA K-9s (Central Intelligence Agency) and Service Animals links.
Biomes & Habitats
Autumn Colors - Explains the chemical reactions that cause leaves to turn colors in the fall. High school and up. (2008, Chemistry Professor Bassam Z. Shakhashiri, University of Wisconsin)
Botany Photo of the Day - 'On a near-daily basis, a photograph of botanical interest and accompanying write-up are published.' Photographs come from around the world; use the search box in the left sidebar (below the Blogroll) to search for photos by common or botanical name. High school and up. (University of British Columbia)
Budburst Buddies INTERACTIVE - An outdoor learning activity 'designed to engage elementary school students in making simple observations of how plants change during the growing season... kids can undertake their own scientific investigation that includes making observations and reporting them online.' Older students who want to participate may register online at Project Budburst, a national field campaign for 'citizen scientists' to help collect important climate change data, based on the timing of leafing and flowering of trees and flowers. (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, The Chicago Botanic Garden, University of Montana, et al.)
Endangered Plants: New Jersey - Information on hundreds of threatened & endangered plants in New Jersey. See All Protected Plants for links lists of threatened & endangered plants for the U.S. and all other states (1995 - 2014, U.S. Department of Agriculture).
Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden NEW! - A variety of plant learning materials including handouts, resources, vocabulary lists, suggested homework activities, labs and other activities for the classroom, covering topics such as school gardens, ethnobotany, basic botany, and plant adaptations & conservation (non-profit organization).
Life Cycle of Plants INTERACTIVE - Animations demonstrating seed growth, parts of a flower, seed dispersal, and plant identification guide (Birmingham Grid for Learning, UK). Biology of Plants provides step-by-step explanations of how plants grow, make food, reproduce, and adapt to the world around them. Well illustrated; middle school and up (2006, Missouri Botanical Garden).
Meet the Plants AUDIO - Great photos of over 100 tropical plants, with descriptions and other resources. You can choose from an A to Z list of botanical names, or from questions such as 'What do I look like?' 'Where am I from' 'Am I dangerous?' 'Am I rare?' 'How can you use me?' and 'Can you eat me?' Now includes a separate Kids' Corner INTERACTIVE. (National Tropical Botanical Garden)
Pollinators - 'Pollinators are responsible for assisting over 80% of the world's flowering plants. Without them, humans and wildlife wouldn't have much to eat or look at!' This site provides general background information on pollination, plus facts & photos for individual pollinators such as bats, butterflies, moths, flies, birds, beetles, ants, and bees. High school and up. (2014, U.S. Forest Service)
Science of Gardening VIDEO INTERACTIVE - 'Like all great endeavors, gardening is both a science and an art. Whether you're growing carnivorous plants, cash crops, or giant pumpkins - or even if you're just trying to keep a few houseplants alive - see how the plants we tend feed our bodies, our minds, and our senses. Middle school and up. (2009 - 2014, Exploratorium Museum)
Soils - See The Dirt on Soil and related links, above.
Tree Planting: Plant a Tree the Right Way [Link opens a PDF document] - Basic instructions for planting a tree (2007, N.J. Department of Environmental Protection).
USDA Plants Database - Basic facts and images for all kinds of plants found in the U.S., with optional searches for threatened / endangered, culturally significant, or invasive / noxious plants. Searchable by common or scientific names; high school and up. (2014, U.S. Department of Agriculture)
Wildflower Information - Pictures, descriptions, and other facts about wildflowers. (Sponsored by a wildflower seed company; site includes advertisements)
Biomes & Habitats
Adventures of Herman the Worm - Learn all about the history, anatomy, habits, and importance of worms in our soil. For elementary and middle school students. (University of Illinois Extension)
Amphibian Q & A - Answers to frequently asked questions about amphibians (frogs, salamanders, caecilians), such as 'Will you get warts if you touch a toad?' and 'Why are frogs slimy?' (2013, Burke Museum, University of Washington). The National Zoo's website offers Reptiles & Amphibians Fact Sheets on about 2 dozen species (Smithsonian).
Animal Bytes (San Diego Zoo) - See San Diego Zoo Animals, below.
Animal Communication Project AUDIO - Information about communication among different types of animals, including cephalopods, insects & spiders, fish & frogs, birds, dolphins & whales, elephants & hippos, cats & dogs, and monkeys & apes; also includes news on the latest research in the field. High school and up (2012, by science writer Stephen Hart).
Animal Diversity Web AUDIO - Type the name of an animal in the 'Search ADW' box for detailed information on geographic range, physical characteristics, food, reproduction, habitat, behavior, economic importance, and conservation information for individual species. Excellent pictures, plus audio recordings for some animals. Click on a small picture for an enlarged image. High school and up. (2015, University of Michigan)
Animal Records - Facts about the world's fastest animal, largest animal, deadliest animal, and more from the National Zoo. Use the menu on the left for additional facts about animals. For more helpful facts and resources about wildlife, see the National Zoo Homework Helper and National Zoo Education Resources. See the National Zoo Animals VIDEO for more animal photos, facts, & videos. Middle school and up (Smithsonian National Zoo).
Aquatic Animals - Photos and fun facts about different kinds animals found in aquatic environments, including seahorses, penguins, anemones, seals, turtles, whales, and others (Shedd Aquarium). Mystic Aquarium Species of the Month VIDEO includes info, FAQs, photos, videos, and podcasts on each featured species. The Monterey Bay Aquarium VIDEO offers videos and live web cams of aquarium animals, as well as photos and activities.
ARKive VIDEO - High-quality videos, photos, and educational materials to help you 'discover and learn about the world's endangered animals, plants and fungi... what they look like, what makes them special and why we should protect them.' (Non-profit organization)
Bats: Why Bats? VIDEO - An introduction to bats, covering benefits, threats, myths, and fun facts. (2015, Bat Conservation International, non-profit organization).
Bioluminescence: Creatures of Light VIDEO - Animals that can produce light are called bioluminescent. This site explores the world of amazing glow-in-the-dark animals like fireflies, jellyfish, flourescent corals, and others; for middle school and up (American Museum of Natural History).
Bird Central - Good photos of birds arranged by type; after selecting a bird, click on 'Natural History Notes' for observations about the species excerpted from classic ornithology texts by Arthur C. Bent; high school and up (personal site by Jim Rosso). All About Birds: Bird Guide AUDIO VIDEO offers descriptions, facts, sounds, photos, and distribution maps for each bird, plus other information about birds and birding. For middle school and up (Cornell University).
Bug Bytes AUDIO - 'The sounds of crickets courting and flies flying familiar to many of us, but have you heard a rice weevil larva eating inside a wheat kernel, a termite cutting a piece of wood, or a grub chewing on a root?' This page contains links to audio files, and accompanying information (2014, U.S. Department of Agriculture). PestWorld for Kids VIDEO INTERACTIVE includes a guide to bugs and other pests, games, and additional learning materials for elementary & middle school students (2014, National Pest Management Association / Eduweb). Invasion of the Bloodsuckers focuses on blood-feeding species such as bedbugs, fleas, lice, mosquitos and ticks (2014, Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History). Featured Creatures provides in-depth profiles of insects, nematodes, arachnids and other organisms; mostly for high school and up, with an educational page for K-6 (University of Florida and Florida Department of Agriculture). See also Pollinators, above.
Butterflies and Moths of North America - This searchable database of butterflies and moths in the United States and Mexico includes dynamic distribution maps, photographs, and species descriptions, plus links to information on butterflies around the world. For high school and up. There is a related website for younger students, the Children's Butterfly site (2014, Butterfly and Moth Information Network; site includes advertisements). See Butterfly FAQ; use the left-hand menu to find more information about butterfly anatomy, metamorphosis, evolution, ecology and more (2010, American Museum of Natural History).
EEK: Environmental Education for Kids VIDEO - EEK's Critter Corner includes facts and photos of many common and endangered animals, plus fun features. Middle school and up. (1998 - 2015, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources)
Endangered Species : Wild Animal Factsheets AUDIO VIDEO - Facts on about 75 of the more well-known wild animals such as polar bears, tigers, whales, gorillas, etc. Now includes photos, plus audio or video recordings for some animals. (Defenders of Wildlife)
Field Trip Earth - Field reports, photos, interviews with researchers, and other materials describing more than a dozen ongoing wildlife conservation projects from around the world, including studies on Atlantic sea turtles, midwest falcons, and elephants of Cameroon, and more. High school and up. (2014, North Carolina Zoological Society)
Journey North VIDEO - A sampling of stories, pictures and video clips about nature, wildlife migration and seasonal change. Covers monarch butterflies, robins, hummingbirds, whooping cranes, gray whales, and more. For all ages. (Annenberg Media)
Macauley Library AUDIO VIDEO - A large collection of recorded wildlife sounds and videos. You can search the site by species name, or browse by animal group (Cornell University)
Mammals [ARCHIVED SITE] - Explains how mammals differ from other animals, and also describes the different mammal groups, various mammal adaptations, and biomes & niches. For elementary and middle school students (2006, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County). The Kenneth E. Behring Family Hall of Mammals INTERACTIVE includes games and timelines, as well as a searchable database of North American Mammals; for high school students (2002 - 2006, Smithsonian). Extreme Mammals VIDEO introduces you to an assortment of amazing and bizarre mammals; middle school and up (2009, American Museum of Natural History). The UCMP Hall of Mammals explores the fossil record, life history & ecology, systematics, and morphology of mammals; high school and up (2009, University of California).
Marine Mammal Center - Facts on marine mammals including seals, sea lions, sea otters, whales, dolphins, porpoises, and manatees. Choose Pinnipeds, Cetaceans, or Sea Otter from the lefthand menu (or the links in the article) to find out more about those groups and species. Middle school and up. (Non-profit organization)
Reptiles - See Amphibian Q & A and related links, above.
Respect Wildlife - General advice on observing wildlife (Boy Scouts of America). To get more detailed advice on animal tracking (for advanced trackers), see Princeton University Outdoor Action Program [Links in Table of Contents are broken! Scroll down the page to see the relevant sections, or open the tracking.pdf and trackcard.pdf files linked below 'Guide to Animal Tracking'.] (1996 - 2010, by Rick Curtis). National Wildlife Federation's Family Fun page [Scroll down the page to search for activities by subject and/or age group] offers instructions on observing wildlife, as well as other fun outdoor activities for kids of all ages.
Sea World Animal Information - In-depth information on selected animals species and issues; quick information and fun facts about animals; animal sounds library; Q & A about animal life, zoological careers, & conservation issues; and more!
Spider Myths - Explains all about 'Myths, Misconceptions, and Superstitions About Spiders', plus links to additional resources. (2003-2010; By Rod Crawford, Curator of Arachnids, Burke Museum, University of Washington)
Wonders of the Seas - Interesting information with good pictures on different kinds of sea life, including sponges, mollusks, echinoderms (starfish), whales, sharks, and more. Now also includes Jonathan Bird's Blue World VIDEO series. (2013 - 2015, Jonathan Bird Productions and Oceanic Research Group, non-profit organization)